The Australian National Heritage List is a heritage register, a list of national heritage places deemed to be of outstanding heritage significance to Australia. The list includes natural, historic and indigenous places. Once on the National Heritage List the provisions of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 apply.
The Australian National Heritage List, together with the Commonwealth Heritage List, replaced the former Register of the National Estate. Places on the Australian National Heritage List are places of outstanding heritage value for Australia and the Commonwealth Heritage List for heritage places that are owned or controlled by the Commonwealth of Australia.
Australian National Heritage List Wikipedia
To be included on the list, a nominated place is assessed by the Australian Heritage Council against nine criteria:importance in the course, or pattern, of Australia's natural or cultural history
possession of uncommon, rare or endangered aspects of Australia's natural or cultural history
potential to yield information that will contribute to an understanding of Australia's natural or cultural history
importance in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a class of Australia's natural or cultural places or environments
importance in exhibiting particular aesthetic characteristics valued by a community or cultural group
importance in demonstrating a high degree of creative or technical achievement at a particular period
strong or special association with a particular community or cultural group for social, cultural or spiritual reasons
special association with the life or works of a person, or group of persons, of importance in Australia's natural or cultural history
importance as part of Indigenous tradition.
In addition, the place must pass a "significance threshold"; it must have 'outstanding' heritage value to the nation as a whole. This is determined by comparison to other similar places.
The Australian National Heritage List comprises the following sites: