Harman Patil (Editor)

Australia 108

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Covid-19
Alternative names  70 Southbank Boulevard
Construction started  2015
Cost  ~AUD$900 million
Floors  100
Phone  +61 1300 888 770
Status  Under construction
Completed  2020
Height  312 m, 319 m to tip
Opened  2020
Australia 108
Location  70 Southbank Boulevard, Melbourne, Australia
Address  70 Southbank Blvd, Southbank VIC 3006, Australia
Similar  Eureka Tower, The Wharf Times Square, Lokhandwala Minerva, Heung Kong Tower, Premier Tower

Australia 108


Australia 108 (previously 70 Southbank Boulevard) is a residential supertall skyscraper currently under construction in the Southbank precinct of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. When completed, it will become the tallest building in Australia by roof height, surpassing the Eureka Tower, and the second-tallest building in Australia by full height, surpassed by Q1. The project consists of a 317-metre-tall (1,040 ft) apartment building with 1,105 apartments over 100 floors. Construction commenced in 2015, with completion expected in 2020.

Contents

Prior to its current form, plans were initially for a 226-metre-tall residential building with 72 floors. In 2012, these plans were revised and resubmitted in favour of a design with a height of 388 metres (1,273 ft) and 108 storeys. This proposal was approved by the State Government in March 2013; however, it was shelved four months later after it struggled to meet conditions imposed by government authorities including VicRoads and the Civil Aviation Safety Authority.

Australia 108 melbourne


Site

The 70 Southbank Boulevard site is situated on the corner of City Road and Southbank Boulevard in the Southbank precinct of Melbourne. The land comprised two separately titled buildings, both of which had two levels. The buildings had a total net lettable area of 2,828 m2, on a land area of 2,642 m2.

The site was purchased by architecture firm Fender Katsalidis Architects in April 2008, for $14.2 million, after the original tenancies ran an expression of interest campaign.

Design

In 2009, plans were submitted by Fender Katsalidis Architects to the City of Melbourne for a A$400 million residential building to be built on the 70 Southbank Boulevard site. In its original proposal, the building, 70 Southbank Boulevard, was planned to be 226 metres in height and consist of 532 residential apartments, six levels of office space, a fresh food market and other retail amenities, spanning 72 floors. The building was designed to replicate the nearby Eureka Tower, also a Fender Katsalidis development. Nonda Katsalidis noted the similarities with the Eureka Tower:

Approval

The building development had been approved by then–Victorian Planning Minister Justin Madden on 21 April 2010, a decision which received backlash from the City of Melbourne council, dubbing the development as "excessively high" and "at odds with the City of Melbourne's height guidelines for the area." In May 2010, the council lodged an appeal to the Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal (VCAT) to have the building permit overturned, asserting that the building surpassed the 100-metre height limit in the area's planning scheme. VCAT rejected the appeal; and noted that the planning scheme did not specify a maximum height.

In July 2012, the site was put up for sale through an international public expression of interest campaign and was listed at A$25 million, to allow the Fender Katsalidis partners time to "go in different directions."

Design

In November 2012, Katsalidis revealed revised plans for the building which would have seen it "super-sized" to 388 metres in height, with 108 floors. The new proposal incorporated the previous plans, but went on to include 50 more residential apartments (totalling 600), a six-star hotel with 288 rooms, and a two-storey star-shaped sky lobby with restaurants and bars.

The hotel would have occupied levels 83–102, with the 83rd and 84th floors having a star-shaped sky lobby which would have "burst" 9 metres outside of the building, similar to the Eureka Tower's Edge, only larger. The Commonwealth Star on the Flag of Australia was used as inspiration for the "starburst."

Fender Katsalidis Architects incorporated the Chinese system of geomancy, known as Feng shui, when developing the new proposal. The building's name, height and top floor all contain the number 8, which "relates to prosperity, abundance and security."

Approval

The new proposal was subjected to a second planning application process for approval. On 5 March 2013, the City of Melbourne council voted to oppose the development, citing it as an "over-development of the site." The Lord Mayor of Melbourne, Robert Doyle, a Shrine of Remembrance trustee, argued that the building would exceed the council's planning scheme in the area by almost 300 metres and it could potentially create a 1.7-kilometre shadow over the Shrine of Remembrance. However, the Shrine's CEO, Denis Baguley, believed otherwise, stating, "I don't believe there are issues of overshadowing that will concern us." VCAT had already approved the project, but the final decision was up to Victorian Planning Minister Matthew Guy.

Despite concerns, the project received its final approval on 18 March 2013 by Guy, who went on to describe the development as "a magnificent addition to Melbourne's skyline. Australia 108 will be a signature development that will define Melbourne for decades to come."

The project was put on the market on 20 April 2013.

Construction

Construction on the $600 million development was to have commenced in 2014, and would have taken three to four years to build, with completion around 2018. The construction was expected to have created 300 jobs in construction and hospitality industries. Upon completion, Australia 108 would have become the tallest building in Australia – surpassing The Gold Coast's Q1 (323 m / 1,058 ft) and Melbourne's Eureka Tower (297 m / 975 ft) – and would have therefore been the tallest building in the Southern Hemisphere, and the only such building to have over 100 floors.

Cancellation

In April 2013, it was reported that Australia 108 would have infringed on federal regulations protecting aircraft safety, known as PANS-OPS, particularly in regard to aircraft departing and arriving at Essendon Airport, located some 13 kilometres to the north of the project site. At the time, it was claimed that the tower would have extended 13 metres into Essendon Airport's flight path "envelope," whose southerly approach requires a 373-metre height limit to any potential obstruction within 15 kilometres of the airfield. When asked about this situation, architect Nonda Katsilidis claimed that the flight paths would not be a problem, and that a technical solution could be drawn up if required. He also stressed that any design changes would be "minimal."

Despite this, the project (in its original form) was officially shelved in July 2013, following its inability to meet a "hybrid of requirements" from authorities such as VicRoads and CASA - the latter of which stated that there was "no flexibility" to approve a building that breached height restrictions. Consequently, Planning Minister Guy held talks with Deputy Prime Minister Warren Truss, regarding the height restrictions on inner city buildings.

Current proposal

The project was bought for approximately $30 million by Singapore developer Aspial Corporation, during late-2013. Plans were later resubmitted to the Department of Planning in 2014, for a new proposal; a 100-storey, 317-metre-tall apartment tower, to comprise 1,105 apartments (a gain of 500 from the previous proposal). The hotel from the superseded design was removed from the plans, making the project solely residential. The star-shaped sky lobby feature from the previous proposal will also be incorporated in the design of the building, albeit used for various purposes (as opposed to a public observation), and will be located on levels 69 through to 71.

When completed, the skyscraper will become Australia’s tallest building by roof height and second-tallest building by total height (surpassed by the Q1 at 323 metres). It will also be the southern hemisphere's only building with 100 levels.

Approval

Approval for the newest proposal was granted by Minister Guy on 25 June 2014.

Construction

The initial aspect of the construction phase, demolition and site preparation, was completed in early 2015. Construction on the $900 million residential skyscraper itself, commenced in October 2015, with work on the skyscraper's foundation having concluded in July 2016. In September 2015, Aspial Corporation announced their formal appointment of Brookfield Multiplex as the main contractor of Australia 108. Kone, an international engineering and service company, secured an order to supply 13 elevators to Australia 108 in March 2016.

With an expected completion date of mid-2020, the skyscraper will undergo construction in 5 stages:

Apartments

A penthouse spread across the 100th floor will be the "tallest" home in the southern hemisphere. In April 2015, it was sold for A$25 million – an Australian record – to a businessman based in China. By July 2015, almost all of the apartments were sold. In October 2015 only 33 apartments of the original 1105 still remained on the market. The cheaper apartments on the lower storeys sold for as little as $450,000.

References

Australia 108 Wikipedia


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