Harman Patil

Auplopus carbonarius

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Kingdom  Animalia
Family  Pompilidae
Genus  Auplopus
Order  Hymenopterans
Class  Insecta
Phylum  Arthropoda
Rank  Species
Auplopus carbonarius wwwnatureconservationimagingcomimagesAuplopus
Similar  Auplopus, Hymenopterans, Agenioideus, Priocnemis, Anoplius

Auplopus carbonarius a spider hunting wasp


Auplopus carbonarius is a spider wasp of the family Pompilidae. Uniquely among the British group it constructs a nest of barrel-shaped cells in which spiders are stored and the larvae develop.

Contents

Auplopus carbonarius Auplopus carbonarius Scopoli1763 BWARS

Description

Auplopus carbonarius Auplopus carbonarius Wikipedia

Approximately 10 millimetres (0.39 in) (male 8 mm or 0.31 in) in length, the male is distinguished by the ivory-coloured maculae alongside the eyes.

Biology

Auplopus carbonarius Auplopus carbonarius Scopoli1763 BWARS

The flight period in Great Britain is June to August, during which the females construct a nest of barrel-shaped cells in which spiders are stored and the larvae develop. There can be as many as ten cells in a nest and the prey often has its legs amputated to make it easier to carry either by flight or more often by crawling along the ground.

Auplopus carbonarius Heathland Pompilidae

The nesting behaviour is quite complex compared to most other spider wasps and shows the behavioural versatility of the female wasp. The nests are constructed in pre-existing holes in various situations, with reports citing nests beneath stones, in masonry, in tree stumps (often in old beetle burrows), under bark and in crevices of tree trunks, in empty galls of cynipid wasps, in empty burrows of other invertebrates, including other hymenopteran nests. Females create small, barrel-like cells which are laid sideways. These are constructed from small pellets of mud obtained from damp areas of soil and carried to the nest site. Water is also collected separately to aid nest building. Completed nests may consist of ten or more cells arranged in a block. These cells are then stocked with a wide variety of spider species captured from amongst vegetation. One spider is put in each cell. A. carbonarius may occasionally visit flowers such as spurge.

Auplopus carbonarius Auplopus carbonarius Scopoli1763 BWARS

The most frequent prey consists of spiders in the family Clubionidae, but they have also been recorded taking Gnaphosidae, Salticidae, Agelenidae, Thomisidae, Lycosidae, Segestriidae and Anyphaenidae.

Habitat

Woodland, especially that with water courses and marshy areas which provide wet mud and clay for building nests.

Distribution

Eastern United States, eastern Canada, south eastern England, central Europe and Scandinavia,

Auplopus carbonarius small black wasp Auplopus carbonarius BugGuideNet
Auplopus carbonarius

References

Auplopus carbonarius Wikipedia


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