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Aulis Sallinen

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Name
  
Aulis Sallinen

Role
  
Musical composer


Libretti
  
Kullervo

Librettists
  
Paavo Haavikko

Aulis Sallinen httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

Education
  
Sibelius Academy (1955–1960)

Compositions
  
Kullervo, Kullervo, The Horseman, The Horseman, The Red Line, The Red Line, Kuningas lahtee Ranskaan, Kuningas lahtee Ranskaan, Kuningas Lear, Kuningas Lear, Chorali, Chorali, Mauermusik, Mauermusik, Quattro per quattro, Quattro per quattro, Twee liederen voor kinderen en piano, Twee liederen voor kinderen en piano, String Quartet no 3, String Quartet no 3, Kullervo - op 61: Act I - Scene II "Mina tahdon lla tuoksuvaja lammin kuin nuori leipa" (Smith's Young Wife), Kullervo - op 61: Act I - Scene II "Mina tahdon lla tuoksuvaja lammin kuin nuori leipa" (Smith's Young Wife), Kullervo - op 61: Act I - Scene I "Kullervo! Han minut siina unessa tappoi!" (Unto - Unto's Wife - Kullervo), Kullervo - op 61: Act I - Scene I "Kullervo! Han minut siina unessa tappoi!" (Unto - Unto's Wife - Kullervo), Strijkkwartet nr 4, Strijkkwartet nr 4, Symfonie nr 4, Symfonie nr 4, Kamarimusiikki II - op 41, Kamarimusiikki II - op 41, Symphony no 3 - op 35: I Tempo energico ed sostenuto, Symphony no 3 - op 35: I Tempo energico ed sostenuto, Kamarimusiikki I - op 38, Kamarimusiikki I - op 38, Kullervo - op 61: Act I - Scene III "Kullervo - ala mene!" (Mother - Kalervo - Kimmo - Kullervo - Chorus), Kullervo - op 61: Act I - Scene III "Kullervo - ala mene!" (Mother - Kalervo - Kimmo - Kullervo - Chorus), The Iron Age: Suite ('Rauta-aika-sarja') - op 55: I The Wedding Procession of Ilmari and the Goldern Woman, The Iron Age: Suite ('Rauta-aika-sarja') - op 55: I The Wedding Procession of Ilmari and the Goldern Woman, Kullervo - op 61: Act II - Scene VI "Tuli on kohta palanut loppuun" (Kullervo), Kullervo - op 61: Act II - Scene VI "Tuli on kohta palanut loppuun" (Kullervo), Songs of Life and Death - op 69: V I Can Think You Departed, Songs of Life and Death - op 69: V I Can Think You Departed, Sonata per Violoncello e Piano - op 86: Il modo grave e lirico - Epilogo, Sonata per Violoncello e Piano - op 86: Il modo grave e lirico - Epilogo, Symfonie nr 8, Symfonie nr 8, Metamorfosen, Metamorfosen, Sunrise Seranade - op 63, Sunrise Seranade - op 63, Nelja laulua unesta: I Unesta tehty mies, Nelja laulua unesta: I Unesta tehty mies, Symphony no 3 - op 35: III Vivace giacoso - Finale, Symphony no 3 - op 35: III Vivace giacoso - Finale, IJzertijdsuite, IJzertijdsuite, Onnozelaar met zijn hond, Onnozelaar met zijn hond, Symphony no 6 - op 65: III Kyeburn Diggins, Symphony no 6 - op 65: III Kyeburn Diggins, Concerto for Clarinet - Viola and Chamber Orchestra - op 91: I The Dolphin's Lament, Concerto for Clarinet - Viola and Chamber Orchestra - op 91: I The Dolphin's Lament, Metamorphora - op 34, Metamorphora - op 34, Kamermuziek I, Kamermuziek I, Symphony no 5 - op 57 "Washington Mosaics": II Intermezzo I, Symphony no 5 - op 57 "Washington Mosaics": II Intermezzo I, Symfonie nr 1, Symfonie nr 1, Vioolconcert, Vioolconcert, Kullervo - op 61: Entr'acte "Oli kerran mies - jonka hanen veljensa tosissaan yritti tappaa" (Kalervo - Kimmo - Mother), Kullervo - op 61: Entr'acte "Oli kerran mies - jonka hanen veljensa tosissaan yritti tappaa" (Kalervo - Kimmo - Mother), The Iron Age: Suite ('Rauta-aika-sarja') - op 55: VII Lemminki and the Maidens of the Island I-IV, The Iron Age: Suite ('Rauta-aika-sarja') - op 55: VII Lemminki and the Maidens of the Island I-IV, Kullervo - op 61: Act II - Scene IV Interlude, Kullervo - op 61: Act II - Scene IV Interlude, Sonata per Violoncello e Piano - op 86: Serenata, Sonata per Violoncello e Piano - op 86: Serenata, Chaconne, Chaconne, Symphony no 3 - op 35: II Chaconne, Symphony no 3 - op 35: II Chaconne, Concerto for Clarinet - Viola and Chamber Orchestra - op 91: III Adagio del Toro, Concerto for Clarinet - Viola and Chamber Orchestra - op 91: III Adagio del Toro, Winter Was Hard - op 20, Winter Was Hard - op 20, Kullervo - op 61: Act I - Scene I Chorus "Ellospa hyva Jumala", Kullervo - op 61: Act I - Scene I Chorus "Ellospa hyva Jumala", Simppeli Simme ja hamppari Hamme, Simppeli Simme ja hamppari Hamme, Strijkkwartet nr 3, Strijkkwartet nr 3, Variaties voor orkest, Variaties voor orkest, Vier liederen over dromen, Vier liederen over dromen, Symphony no 6 - op 65: I The Islands of the Sounds The Sounds of the Island, Symphony no 6 - op 65: I The Islands of the Sounds The Sounds of the Island, Kullervo - op 61: Act II - Scene V "Itketko - isa - minua kun kuulet kuolleheksi?" (Kullervo - Kalervo - Sister), Kullervo - op 61: Act II - Scene V "Itketko - isa - minua kun kuulet kuolleheksi?" (Kullervo - Kalervo - Sister)

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Okko Kamu, Jorma Hynninen, Leif Segerstam, Matti Salminen, Hannu Lintu

Aulis sallinen symphony no 1 1971


Aulis Sallinen (born 9 April 1935) is a Finnish contemporary classical music composer. His music has been variously described as "remorselessly harsh", a "beautifully crafted amalgam of several 20th-century styles", and "neo-romantic". Sallinen studied at the Sibelius Academy, where his teachers included Joonas Kokkonen. He has had works commissioned by the Kronos Quartet, and has also written 6 operas, 8 symphonies, concertos for violin, cello, flute, horn and English horn as well as several chamber works. He won the Nordic Council Music Prize in 1978 for his opera Ratsumies (The Horseman).

Contents

Aulis Sallinen httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

Shadows aulis sallinen


Childhood and studies

Sallinen was born in Salmi. During his childhood the family moved several times for his father's work, and during Evacuation of Finnish Karelia in 1944 the family relocated in Uusikaupunki, where Aulis Sallinen attended his schools.

His first instruments were violin and piano. He would play both jazz and classical music. He was known to be extremely creative, and spent much time during his teenage years improvising. After a while, he began writing his ideas down on paper, and began to do serious composition. He attended the Sibelius Academy of Music, and studied with a number of prestigious teachers such as Aarre Merikanto and Joonas Kokkonen.

Early adult life

After graduating, Sallinen took a position as composition teacher at the Sibelius Academy, and continued composing. One of his prominent student was the Austrian born Finnish composer Herman Rechberger. In his mid 20s, he was put on the board of directors of the Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra. He became chairman of the board of Finnish Composers ten years later. Though he was a known teacher and was on many boards of directors, his compositions were not particularly noted until he was made "Professor of Arts for Life" by the Finnish government, giving him money so he could focus more on composition.

Saline's first opera Ratsumies premiered at Savonlinna in 1974. Together with Joonas Kokkonen's The Last Temptations (1975) its started the golden era of modern Finnish opera. Second opera, Punainen viiva (The red line), was commissioned by Finnish National Opera, third one jointly by Covent Garden and others, and it is called Kuningas lahtee Ranskaan (The King goes to France).

Later life

After receiving the lifelong art professorship, Sallinen devoted great amounts of time to his composing. He has revived standard forms and harmonies, but puts them together in very contemporary ways. He has received a number of commissions from some very renowned ensembles and has composed eight symphonies, including one using material from a proposed ballet on The Lord of the Rings and containing two mediaeval Finnish tunes from the Piae Cantiones. He has written six operas, and is well known as the composer of the title track of the Kronos Quartet's album Winter Was Hard.

Career highlights

  • 1960 - awarded diploma from the Sibelius Academy.
  • 1960-70 - administrator of the Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra.
  • 1978 - Nordic Council Music Prize for The Horseman.
  • 1981 - became the first person to be made a Professor of Arts for life by the Finnish Government, enabling him to concentrate on composing full-time.
  • 1983 - Wihuri International Sibelius Prize.
  • 2004 - first in series of recordings of complete orchestral music released on the CPO label.
  • Symphonies

  • Symphony No. 1, Op. 24 (1971)
  • Symphony No. 2 Symphonic Dialogue, Op. 29 (for percussion and orchestra) (1972)
  • Symphony No. 3, Op. 35 (1975)
  • Symphony No. 4, Op. 49 (1979)
  • Symphony No. 5 Washington Mosaics, Op. 57 (1985–1987)
  • Symphony No. 6 From a New Zealand Diary, Op. 65 (1990)
  • Symphony No. 7 The Dreams of Gandalf, Op. 71 (1996)
  • Symphony No. 8 Autumnal Fragments, Op. 81 (2001)
  • Orchestral

  • Mauermusik, Op. 7 (1963)
  • Variations for Orchestra, Op. 8 (1963)
  • Chorali for wind orchestra, Op. 22 (1970)
  • Chamber Music I, for string orchestra, Op. 38 (1975)
  • Chamber Music II, for alto flute and string orchestra Op. 41 (1976)
  • Dies Irae, for soprano, bass, male choir and orchestra, Op. 47 (1978)
  • Shadows, Op. 52 (1982)
  • Chamber Music III The Nocturnal Dances of Don Juan Quixote, for cello and string orchestra Op. 58 (1983)
  • Sunrise Serenade, Op. 63 (1989)
  • Songs of Life and Death, for baritone, choir and orchestra, Op. 69 (1995)
  • Palace Rhapsody for wind orchestra, Op. 72 (1996)
  • Introduction and Tango Overture for piano and string orchestra, Op. 74b (1997)
  • A Solemn Overture (King Lear), Op. 75 (1997)
  • Chamber Music IV, for piano and string orchestra, Op. 79 (2000)
  • Chamber Music V Barabbas Variations, for accordion and string orchestra, Op. 80 (2000)
  • Chamber Music VI Trois invitations au voyage for string quartet and string orchestra, Op. 88 (2006)
  • Concerto for clarinet, viola and chamber orchestra, Op. 91 (2007) (also for clarinet, cello and chamber orchestra, Op. 91a)
  • Chamber Music VII Cruseliana, for soloist wind quintet and string orchestra, Op. 93 (2007)
  • Chamber Music VIII The Trees, All Their Green (Paavo Haavikko in memoriam), for cello and string orchestra, Op. 94 (2008)
  • Concertos

  • Violin Concerto, Op. 18 (1968)
  • Cello Concerto, Op. 44 (1977)
  • Flute Concerto Harlequin, Op. 70 (1995)
  • Horn Concerto Campane ed Arie, Op. 82 (2002)
  • Chamber Concerto for violin, piano and string orchestra, Op. 87 (2005)
  • English Horn Concerto, Op. 97 (2010–11)
  • Chamber music

  • String Quartet No. 1, Op. 2 (1958)
  • String Quartet No. 2 Canzona, Op. 4 (1960)
  • Quattro per quattro, Op. 12 (1965)
  • String Quartet No. 3 Some Aspects of Peltoniemi Hintrik's Funeral March, Op. 19 (1969)
  • Four Etudes for violin & piano, Op.21 (1970)
  • String Quartet No. 4 Quiet Songs, Op. 25 (1971)
  • Sonata for Solo Cello, Op. 26 (1971)
  • Metamorphora, for cello & piano, Op. 34 (1974)
  • String Quartet No. 5 Pieces of Mosaic, Op. 54 (1983)
  • From a Swan Song, for cello & piano, Op. 67 (1991)
  • Barabbus Dialogues,for vocalists, narrator & chamber ensemble, Op. 84 (2003)
  • Piano Quintet ...des morceaux oublies, Op. 85 (2004)
  • Cello Sonata, Op. 86 (2004)
  • Windy Winter in Provence for Tenor, Piano, Violin & Guitar, Op. 89 (2006)
  • Mistral Music for Solo Flute, Op. 90 (2005) (also for flute & string quartet, Op. 90a)
  • Piano Quintet No. 2 Three Kullervo Elegies, Op. 92 (2006)
  • Preludes and Fugues for Solo Accordion, Op. 95 (2009)
  • Piano Trio Les Visions Fugitives, Op. 96 (2010)
  • "Die Virtuose Tafelmusik von Don Juanquijote" for Accordion & Cello, Op. 98 (2011)
  • "...memories, memories..." for Children's Choir, Piano & Strings, Op. 99 (2011)
  • Five Portraits of Women for Soprano, Horn & Chamber Orchestra, Op. 100 (2012)
  • Baumgesang mit Epilog for Cello & Piano, Op. 101 (2013)
  • Three Adagios for Organ, Op. 102 (2013)
  • String Quartet No. 6, Op. 103 (2014)
  • Operas

  • The Horseman, Op. 32 (1974, Ratsumies (Finnish), Ryttaren (Swedish))
  • The Red Line, Op. 46 (1978)
  • The King Goes Forth to France, Op.53 (1983, Kuningas lähtee Ranskaan (Finnish))
  • Kullervo, Op. 61 (1988)
  • The Palace, Op.68 (1991–1993, Palatsi (Finnish))
  • King Lear, Op. 76 (1999)
  • Vocal and choral

  • Songs from the Sea, Op. 33 for unaccompanied children's choir, based on Finnish folk songs and a poem by the composer's two sons
  • Song Around a Song, Op. 50 (1980) - Four folk songs in Italian, Japanese, Finnish and English for unaccompanied children's choir
  • The Iron Age: Suite, Op. 55, arranged from music for Finnish TV series based on the Kalevala
  • The Beaufort Scale, Op. 56 (1984), humoresque for choir unaccompanied, based on the wind velocity scale
  • Recordings

  • Symphony Nos 1 & 7 - CPO 999 918-2
  • Kullervo - Ondine ODE 844-2
  • Shadows; Symphonies 4 & 5; Chamber Music III - Ultima 8573819722
  • References

    Aulis Sallinen Wikipedia


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