Kalpana Kalpana (Editor)

Auchenorrhyncha

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Kingdom  Animalia
Scientific name  Auchenorrhyncha
Rank  Suborder
Phylum  Arthropoda
Higher classification  True bugs
Auchenorrhyncha Auchenorrhyncha New Experts
Lower classifications  Cicadas, Leafhopper, Treehopper, Froghopper, Planthopper

01 intro to auchenorrhyncha


The Auchenorrhyncha (former synonym: Cicadinea) suborder of the Hemiptera contains most of the familiar members of what was called the Homoptera – groups such as cicadas, leafhoppers, treehoppers, planthoppers, and spittlebugs. The aphids and scale insects are the other well-known "Homoptera", and they are in the suborder Sternorrhyncha. Lesser-known insects largely regarded as Homoptera are the Coleorrhyncha. However, the taxonomic status of the Hemiptera and Homoptera is currently under investigation and discussion. See Heteroptera and Prosorrhyncha for more information.

Contents

Auchenorrhyncha AUCHENORRHYNCHA NZHemipteracom

Distributed worldwide, all members of this group are plant-feeders, and many are vectors of viral and fungal diseases of plants.

Auchenorrhyncha Auchenorrhyncha PEET

It is also common for Auchenorrhyncha species to produce either audible sounds or substrate vibrations as a form of communication. Such calls range from vibrations inaudible to humans, to the calls of many species of cicadas that can be heard for hundreds of metres, at least. In season, they produce the most characteristic and ubiquitous noise of the bush.

Auchenorrhyncha insectoidinfopicturesauchenorrhyncharhododendr

Introduction to auchenorrhyncha under the microscope


Etymology

The word auchenorrhyncha is from the Greek αὐχήν, 'neck, throat' and ῥύγχος, 'snout'.

Classification

Auchenorrhyncha FileAuchenorrhyncha speciesjpg Wikimedia Commons

Debate and uncertainty as to whether the Auchenorrhyncha is a monophyletic group or not is ongoing; some authors, believing it was not, split it into two suborders, the Clypeorrhyncha (= Cicadomorpha) and the Archaeorrhyncha (= Fulgoromorpha). In the last 10 years, there has been evidence to support the monophyletic interpretation, and the most recent research indicates the Auchenorrhyncha are in fact a monophyletic lineage.

A classification of the Auchenorrhyncha is:

Auchenorrhyncha Auchenorrhyncha Acericerus vittifrons male Was Idiocerus Flickr
  • Infraorder Cicadomorpha (Clypeorrhyncha, Clypeata)
  • Superfamily Cercopoidea (spittlebugs, froghoppers)
  • Aphrophoridae
  • Cercopidae
  • Clastopteridae
  • Epipygidae
  • Machaerotidae
  • Superfamily Cicadoidea (cicadas)
  • Cicadidae (Platypediidae, Plautillidae, Tettigadidae, Tibicinidae)
  • Tettigarctidae (hairy cicadas)
  • Superfamily Membracoidea (Cicadelloidea)
  • Aetalionidae (Biturritiidae)
  • Cicadellidae (Eurymelidae, Hylicidae, Ledridae, Ulopidae, leafhoppers)
  • Melizoderidae
  • Membracidae (Nicomiidae, treehoppers)
  • Myerslopiidae (Cicadellidae, in part)
  • Infraorder Fulgoromorpha (Archaeorrhyncha, planthoppers)
  • Superfamily Fulgoroidea
  • Acanaloniidae
  • Achilidae
  • Achilixiidae
  • Cixiidae
  • Delphacidae
  • Derbidae
  • Dictyopharidae
  • Eurybrachyidae
  • Flatidae
  • Fulgoridae (lanternflies)
  • Gengidae
  • Hypochthonellidae
  • Issidae
  • Kinnaridae
  • Lophopidae
  • Meenoplidae
  • Nogodinidae
  • Ricaniidae
  • Tettigometridae
  • Tropiduchidae

  • Auchenorrhyncha Introduction to the Auchenorrhyncha
    Auchenorrhyncha Free stock photos of auchenorrhyncha Pexels

    References

    Auchenorrhyncha Wikipedia


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