Harman Patil

Auberge de Provence

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Status  Intact
Location  Valletta, Malta
Floor count  2
Owner  Government of Malta
Architectural style  Mannerism
Architect  Girolamo Cassar
Type  Auberge
Construction started  1570s
Floors  2
Material  Limestone
Renovated  1638
Auberge de Provence httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Current tenants  National Museum of Archaeology
Similar  Auberge d'Aragon, National Museum of Archaeol, Auberge d'Italie, Auberge de France, Auberge de Bavière

Auberge de provence


Auberge de Provence (Maltese: Berġa ta' Provenza) is an auberge in Valletta, Malta. It was built in the sixteenth century to house knights of the Order of Saint John from the langue of Provence. It now houses the National Museum of Archaeology.

Contents

Map of Auberge de Provence, Republic St, Valletta VLT 1112, Malta

Restaurace hotel conference center auberge de provence


History

Auberge de Provence was first built in 1571 or 1574–75 to a design by Girolamo Cassar. Prior to its construction, the Langue of Provence had been housed in the Auberge d'Auvergne et Provence in Birgu.

The building was extensively renovated in the 17th century. Its façade was redesigned in 1638 by the architect Mederico Blondel, and a new wing was built instead of a small square.

In 1798, the Order lost Malta to the French, and the auberge was vacated. After the islands fell under British rule in 1800, it was used for a variety of purposes, including a hotel and a military barracks. In 1826, the upper part of the auberge was leased to the Malta Union Club, and the lease was set to expire in 2002. The lease extended to the entire building in 1903.

The building was included on the Antiquities List of 1925 together with the other auberges in Valletta. In World War II, buildings located close to the auberge were destroyed by aerial bombardment, but the auberge itself was not hit. Since Auberge d'Auvergne and Auberge de France were both destroyed during the war, Auberge de Provence is the only surviving French auberge in Valletta.

On 12 August 1955, the lease to the Malta Union Club was terminated, and building was opened as the National Museum (now known as the National Museum of Archaeology) in 1958 by the Minister of Education Agatha Barbara. It houses many artifacts dating back to the Neolithic up to the Phoenician Period.

The auberge is listed on the National Inventory of the Cultural Property of the Maltese Islands.

Architecture

Auberge de Provence was originally built with Mannerist characteristics typical of its architect Girolamo Cassar. However, very little of Cassar's original design has survived, due to the extensive renovation in the mid-17th century.

The auberge's interior consists of rooms roofed by diaphragm arches with wooden beamed ceilings and gilded panelling. The most ornate room is the Grand Salon on the first floor, which was used for business discussions, and as a refectory and banqueting hall, where knights sat at long tables according to seniority.

Commemorative coins

Auberge de Provence was depicted on two commemorative coins minted in 2013 by the Central Bank of Malta. The coins show the auberge's façade on the reverse and the coat of arms of Malta on the obverse.

References

Auberge de Provence Wikipedia


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