Supriya Ghosh

Atractocarpus fitzalanii

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Kingdom  Plantae
Clade  Eudicots
Order  Gentianales
Scientific name  Atractocarpus fitzalanii
Rank  Species
Clade  Angiosperms
Clade  Asterids
Family  Rubiaceae
Higher classification  Atractocarpus
Atractocarpus fitzalanii httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommons33
Similar  Atractocarpus, Randia, Rubiaceae, Rosenbergiodendron formosum, Acmena hemilampra

Atractocarpus fitzalanii (Brown Gardenia or Yellow Mangosteen) is a species of flowering plant in the Rubiaceae family found in tropical Queensland in Australia. The beautifully scented flowers and lush growth has seen this plant enter cultivation in subtropical gardens in Eastern Australia.

Contents

Atractocarpus fitzalanii SGAP Townsville Atractocarpus fitzalanii

Description

Atractocarpus fitzalanii Atractocarpus fitzalanii Brown Gardenia information amp photos

Atractocarpus fitzalanii grows as a woody shrub or small tree some 3–10 m (9.8–32.8 ft) in height. The trunk is covered by smooth grey bark. The large glossy dark green leaves are obovate to oval-shaped and range from 10–18 cm (3.9–7.1 in) long by 3–5 cm (1.2–2.0 in) wide. The yellowish veins and midrib are prominent on the leaf. The new growth is a bright lime green in colour. The small (2-2.5 cm or 1 inch) white fragrant flowers appear from September to November, occur singly and have five lanceolate petals around a tube. The round- or oval-shaped fruit is 3–4 cm in diameter and ripens in April to June. The fragrance of the flowers resmebles that of the common gardenia, and fruit can be eaten fresh.

Distribution and Habitat

Atractocarpus fitzalanii Atractocarpus fitzalanii Brown Gardenia information amp photos

The range is from far north Queensland south through to Mackay. It is found in rainforests and sheltered habitats.

Ecology

Flowers open in the afternoon, and moths then visit the plants. Birds eat the fruit.

Uses

Atractocarpus fitzalanii Atractocarpus fitzalanii subspfitzalanii Brown Gardenia Flickr

Its bushy lush foliage and bright new growth, fragrant flowers and edible and tasty fruit give it horticultural potential in gardens in subtropical climates. It is suited to a shady position with good drainage in gardens, or moderately to brightly lit indoor spaces.

Taxonomy

Atractocarpus fitzalanii FileAtractocarpus fitzalanii subsp fitzalanii fruit Kewarra 4805

Atractocarpus fitzalanii was originally described by German naturalist and Victorian State Botanist Ferdinand von Mueller, who named it in honour of the person who first collected it, Eugene Fitzalan. It is commonly known as the brown gardenia.

Atractocarpus fitzalanii Atractocarpus fitzalanii Gardenia fitzalanii Randia fitzalanii

Known for many years as Randia fitzalanii, it gained its current binomial name in 1999 with the publishing of a genus revision by botanists Christopher Puttock and Christopher Quinn.

Subspecies

Two subspecies have become widely recognised:

  • Atractocarpus fitzalanii subsp. fitzalanii
  • Atractocarpus fitzalanii subsp. tenuipes Puttock the name derived from the Latin tenuis "slender", and pes "foot".
  • References

    Atractocarpus fitzalanii Wikipedia


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