Atlantic Studios was the recording studio of Atlantic Records. It was located at 1841 Broadway (at the corner of 60th Street), in New York City. According to the address written in the original liner notes (1957) of Charles Mingus' The Clown, it was initially located at 157 W 57th Street. The American record label first recorded in these studios in November 1947. The studio was the first to record in stereo due to the efforts of Tom Dowd.
Tom Dowd in the early days of Atlantic Records would do recording at the offices. At night the desks would be pushed against the walls and singing groups would gather around one or two microphones in the inner office and he would be in the outer office recording singing groups with a small mixer and a tape recorder.
In 1958 Tom Dowd convinced Ampex (and Jerry Wexler) to sell the second Ampex eight track tape recorder ever manufactured to Atlantic Studios putting Atlantic ahead of other studios for many years.
In 1959 Atlantic Records and Atlantic Studios moved to 1841 Broadway. The studios were in the co-joined building at 11 West 60th Street. When Atlantic Records moved to 75 Rockefeller Center in the mid 1970s, Atlantic Studios expanded to occupy the entire 2nd floor of both buildings. In the early 1980s the studios expanded to the 3rd floor.
The studio complex eventually consisted of two studios, a mix room, two disk mastering rooms, two editing and tape copy rooms, two digital transfer rooms, a quality control room for Atlantic Records manufactured products (45s, LPs, Cassettes, 8-Tracks and CDs), tape library (tape vault offsite) and several offices and lounges.
Studio A - approximately 50' x 30' x 15', control room 20' x 15', and a later a Hidley redesign 24' x 24'. The control room had two generations of MCI consoles (the "black" console and then a 528), later the Hidley control room had a custom NEVE. Monitors were Altecs, UREIs and Hidleys. Tommy Dowd early on installed variable acoustic sound traps that affected both the low frequency absorption and the reverberation time in the studio.
Studio B - approximately 30' x 15' x 15', control room 15' x 15'. Consoles were MCI 528 and then NEVE and monitoring was Altecs and then UREIs.
Mix Room - approximately 15' x 12', later a new repositioned mix room and vocal booth 20 x 18'. Consoles were a built-in-house 16 channel passive summing mixer, then original Studio A MCI "black" console, then a third MCI 528 purchased from Criteria Studios and in the new mix room an SSL. Monitoring was Altecs and later in the SSL room ??.
Mastering Rooms - Neumann and Scully Disk Cutting systems, and Altec monitoring.
Tape Recorders - Ampex, Scully, MCI, Studer, and Sony.
Microphones - Neumann, AKG, Sennheiser, Electro-Voice, Sony, Shure, and RCA.
Outboard Equipment - Dolby, UREI (Textronix), Pultec, Lang, Spectra-Sonic, Eventide, Allison Research, Audio & Design, Ltd and Fairchild.
Reverberation - An echo chamber was built in the basement of 1841 Broadway but it was rarely used in later years, primarily it was EMT analog and digital reverberation units.
The studios closed in 1991 and Atlantic Records' in-house digital and analog production rooms and the tape library were re-located to West 54th Street.Ahmet Ertegün
Herb Abramson (co-developer of the studios.)
Chronological list, with album, artist, and recording dates :"Splish Splash" - Bobby Darin (10 April 1958)
"Mr. Soul" - Buffalo Springfield Again, Buffalo Springfield (9 January 1967)
"Pretty Girl Why" - Last Time Around, Buffalo Springfield (26 February 1967, never released)
"Kind Woman" - Last Time Around, Buffalo Springfield (February–March 1968)
"Bring It On Home" - Led Zeppelin II, Led Zeppelin (1969)
"Don't Knock My Love" - Wilson Pickett (1970)
"Neighbours" - Tattoo You, Rolling Stones (date unknown) also recorded at Pathé Marconi Studios, Paris
Chronological list with artist, and recording dates :Pithecanthropus Erectus - Charlie Mingus (date unknown)
The Clown (February and March 1957)
Blues & Roots - Charlie Mingus (4 February 1959)
Giant Steps - John Coltrane (1 April, 4 May and 2 December 1959)
Coltrane's Sound - John Coltrane (24 and 26 October 1960)
Dream Weaver - Charles Lloyd (29 and 30 March, 18 September, 29 October 1966)
Lady Soul - Aretha Franklin (1967)
Life Between the Exit Signs - Keith Jarrett (4 May 1967)
Disraeli Gears - Cream (11–15 May 1967)
Wheels of Fire - Cream (between July 1967 and April 1968)
Restoration Ruin - Keith Jarrett (12 May 1968)
The Allman Brothers Band - Allman Brothers Band (September 1969)
Loaded - The Velvet Underground (between April and August 1970)
Standing Here Wondering Which Way to Go - Marion Williams (25 February 1971)
Words - Donal Leace (13 April 1971)
Donal Leace - Donal Leace (13 April 1971)
El Juicio (The Judgement) - Keith Jarrett (8, 9, 15 and 16 July 1971)
The Mourning of a Star - Keith Jarrett (8, 9 and 16 July 1971)
Birth - Keith Jarrett (15 and 16 July 1971)
The Divine Miss M - Bette Midler (15 and 16 July 1971)
Shotgun Willie - Willie Nelson (date unknown) also recorded at Quadrafonic Studios, Nashville and Sam Phillips Studios, Memphis
Changes One - Charlie Mingus (27, 28 and 30 December 1974)
Main Course - Bee Gees (between January and February 1975) also recorded at Criteria Studios, Miami FL
Live From The Atlantic Studios, Bonfire - AC/DC (7 December 1977)
Fear of Music - Talking Heads (date unknown) also recorded at Hit Factory, RPM Sound, The Record Plant, New York
Chaka - Chaka Khan (1978)
Spy - Carly Simon (from December 1978 to April 1979)
The Honeydrippers: Volume One - Robert Plant (March 1984)
Love Is for Suckers - Twisted Sister (date unknown)
Danzig - Danzig (1987–1988) also recorded at Chung King Metal Studios, New-York
Winger - Winger (1988)
Alphabetical list of main artists :Led Zeppelin II - Led Zeppelin (1969)
Hejira - Joni Mitchell (date unknown)
Diana - Diana Ross (1980)
Koo Koo - Debbie Harry (1981)
Soup For One - soundtrack of the film "Soup For One" (date unknown)
Inside Story - Grace Jones (by Barry Diament, date unknown)