| United States|
8,376 sq mi
Metro Atlanta, designated by the United States Office of Management and Budget as the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area, is the most populous metro area in the US state of Georgia and the ninth-largest metropolitan statistical area (MSA) in the United States. It is the core of the broader AtlantaAthens-ClarkeSandy Springs Combined Statistical Area. Its economic, cultural, and demographic center is Atlanta, Georgias capital and largest city. The Atlanta Combined Statistical area spans up to 39 counties in north Georgia and had an estimated population of 6.1 million people. Atlanta is considered an "alpha(-) world city". It is the second largest metropolitan region in the Southeast behind South Florida.
The area sprawls across the low foothills of the Appalachian Mountains to the north and the Piedmont to the south. The northern and some western suburbs tend to be higher and significantly more hilly than the southern and eastern suburbs. The average elevation is around 1,000 feet (300 m).
The highest point in the immediate area is Kennesaw Mountain at 1,808 ft (551 m), followed by Stone Mountain at 1,686 ft (514 m), Sweat Mountain at 1,640 ft (500 m), and Little Kennesaw Mountain at 1,600 ft (488 m). Others include Blackjack Mountain, Lost Mountain, Brushy Mountain, Pine Mountain, and Mount Wilkinson (Vinings Mountain). Many of these play prominently in the various battles of the Atlanta Campaign during the American Civil War. If the further-north counties are included, Bear Mountain is highest, followed by Pine Log Mountain, Sawnee Mountain, and Hanging Mountain, followed by the others listed above. Stone, Sweat, Bear, and Sawnee are all home to some of the areas broadcast stations.
The areas subsoil is a dense clay soil, colored rusty by the iron oxide present in it. It becomes very muddy and sticky when wet, and hard when dry, and stains light-colored carpets and clothing easily. It also tends to have a low pH, further aggravating gardeners. The fineness of it also means it is easily deposited into streams during heavy rains, creating silt problems where it is exposed due to construction. This transported red soil can be seen downstream on the riverbanks of south Georgia (where the native clay is white), and down to the Florida panhandle (where the native sand is also white). Topsoil is present only in natural forest areas, created by the decomposition of leaf litter.
An extinct fault line called the Brevard Fault runs roughly parallel to the Chattahoochee River, but as its last movements were apparently prehistoric, it is considered extinct and not a threat to the region. Still, minor earthquakes do rattle the area (and all of Georgia) occasionally. One notable one was in April 2003 (magnitude 4.6) coming from the northwest, its epicenter just across the state line in northeastern Alabama. While many people slept through the 5A.M. quake, it caused a minor panic in others completely unaware of what was happening. Similar earthquakes occur in this region called the Eastern Tennessee Seismic Zone, often felt much more widely across the stronger crust of eastern North America as compared to the west. Thus, the 1886 Charleston, South Carolina earthquake was also felt in Atlanta and throughout the Southeast. It caused damage as far as central Alabama and West Virginia. Two small earthquakes were also felt on the southeast side near Eatonton in early April 2009. The New Madrid Seismic Zone (near the Missouri-Tennessee borders) and the seismic zone producing the 1886 magnitude 7.3 earthquake are still capable of producing moderate or major earthquakes, in which the entire Atlanta area will feel moderately or even strongly.
The area is the worlds largest toll-free calling zone spanning 7,162 square miles (18,549 km2), has four active telephone area codes, and local calling extending into portions of two others. 404, which originally covered all of northern Georgia until 1992, now covers mostly the area inside the Perimeter (Interstate 285). In 1995 the suburbs were put into 770, requiring mandatory ten?digit dialing even for local calls under FCC rules. This made Atlanta one of the USs first cities to employ ten-digit dialing, which was begun by BellSouth the year before the Centennial 1996 Olympic Games. In 1998, 678 was overlaid onto both of the existing 404 and 770 area codes. Mobile phones, originally only assigned to 404, may now have any local area code regardless of where in the region they were issued. Area code 470, the newest area code, was overlaid with 404 and 770 in the same fashion as 678. The local calling area also includes portions of 706/762 and a small area of 256 in Alabama on the Georgia border.
The metro hosts 5 major league sports franchises: Atlanta Hawks of the NBA; Atlanta Dream of the WNBA; Atlanta Falcons of the NFL; the Atlanta MLS Soccer Team and Atlanta Braves of MLB. Former teams include the Atlanta Flames and Atlanta Thrashers of the NHL.
The Braves will be moving to SunTrust Park in the Cumberland area of Cobb County, Georgia, northwest of Atlanta when the lease on Turner Field expires after 2016.
The Atlanta Falcons will move to the New Atlanta Stadium currently being built and due for completion in 2017. The New Atlanta Stadium will be located in Downtown Atlanta, almost exactly in the same area as the current home of the Falcons, the Georgia Dome.
The Braves have a farm team that also plays in the Atlanta metro, the Gwinnett Braves.Georgia Dome, home of the Falcons & GSU PanthersPhilips Arena, home of the Hawks & Dream, and former home of the Thrashers.Turner Field, home of the BravesCoolray Field, home of the Gwinnett Braves.
List of museums in Atlanta
Prominent Museums include:High Museum of ArtFernbank Museum of Natural HistoryFernbank Science CenterChildrens Museum of AtlantaDelta Flight Museum