Neha Patil

Aspidochirotida

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Kingdom  Animalia
Scientific name  Aspidochirotida
Rank  Order
Phylum  Echinodermata
Higher classification  Sea cucumber
Aspidochirotida Flickriver Most interesting photos tagged with aspidochirotida
Lower classifications  Holothuriidae, Holothuria, Stichopodidae, Apostichopus japonicus

Aspidochirotida is an order of sea cucumbers.

Contents

Description and characteristics

Aspidochirotida httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

They are distinguished from other sea cucumbers by the presence of flattened, often leaf-like tentacles, but without the other large appendages found in the related order Elasipodida. They do not have introvert or retractor muscles. The tube feet often form a clearly demarcated sole. They have 15-30 shield-shaped retractile tentacles surrounding their mouths. The body wall is thick and leathery and contains ossicles, including some table-shaped ones. They have respiratory trees for gas exchange. The mesentery of the posterior loop of their gut is attached to the right ventral interradius. The muscles that run longitudinally down the body are arranged into five double bands. They can shoot out sticky white threads known as cuvierian tubules from their cloacas in order to distract or entangle predators. They are usually found in exposed shallow-water environments.

Conservation status

Their popularity as luxury seafood in some Asian countries poses a serious threat to the order.

List of families

Aspidochirotida Aspidochirotida Wikipedia
  • family Holothuriidae Burmeister, 1837 -- 5 genera, 200 species
  • family Mesothuriidae Smirnov, 2012 -- 2 genera, 32 species
  • family Stichopodidae Haeckel, 1896 -- 10 genera, 34 species
  • family Synallactidae Ludwig, 1894 -- 18 genera, 122 species

  • Aspidochirotida Holothuriidae Wikipedia
    Aspidochirotida Aspidochirotida Wikipedia
    Aspidochirotida Aspidochirotida Wikispecies

    References

    Aspidochirotida Wikipedia


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