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Arthur B Spingarn

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Name  Arthur Spingarn

Siblings  Joel Elias Spingarn
Arthur B. Spingarn circleorgjsourcewpcontentuploadssites22013
Died  1971, New York City, New York, United States
Education  Columbia University, Columbia College of Columbia University in the City of New York

Arthur Barnette Spingarn (1878–1971) was an American leader in the fight for civil rights for African Americans.

Contents

Background

Arthur B. Spingarn was born in 1878 into a well-to-do Jewish family. His older brother was Joel Elias Spingarn.

He graduated from Columbia College in 1897 and from Columbia Law School in 1899.

Career

Spingarn was one of a small group of white Americans who decided in the 1900s to support the radical demands for racial justice being voiced by W. E. B. Du Bois in contrast to the more ameliorative views of Booker T. Washington. He served as head of the legal committee of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and was one of its vice presidents starting in 1911.

He interrupted his legal career to serve for several years as a United States Army captain in the Sanitary Corps during World War I and protested the discriminatory treatment of African Americans in the U.S. military. He was very interested in furthering the cause of Civil Rights and improving the condition of American blacks. He succeeded his brother Joel Elias Spingarn as president of the NAACP in 1940 when the legal arm of the organization was spun off into the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund. He served as the NAACP's president until 1965.

Personal and death

Spingarn was an avid collector and amassed a collection of materials –books, newspapers, manuscripts, and realia –related to the African-American experience worldwide, a collection "unique in its depth, breadth, and quality," which he sold to Howard University, where it was incorporated into the renamed Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, the largest and most valuable research library in America for the study of Negro life and history.

The rest of his collections were sold at auction in 1966.

He died at home in New York City on December 1, 1971. At his memorial service, he was eulogized by Associate Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall and Roy Wilkins, executive director of the NAACP. Buell C. Gallagher, retired president of the City College of New York, called him "the rallying center of the aggressive forward movement" of the NAACP.

His nephew was Federal Trade Commission commissinoer Stephen J. Spingarn.

Works

  • Laws Relating to Sex Morality in New York City (1915, revised 1926)
  • Legal and Protective Measures (1950), co-authored with Jacob A. Goldberg
  • References

    Arthur B. Spingarn Wikipedia


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