Arkansas and Texas A&M first played each other in 1903, and would play each other three times from 1903–12, all as non-conference matchups.
Arkansas and Texas A&M would not meet on the field again until 1927, notwithstanding that both schools became charter members of the Southwest Conference 12 years earlier in 1915. The schools played annually from 1927–30, but would not meet again until 1934. From 1934–91, the two teams played annually as conference members. The annual matchup ceased in 1991 when Arkansas left the conference to join the Southeastern Conference.
On March 10, 2008, officials from both schools announced the series would recommence on October 3, 2009 under the name "Southwest Classic". The annual location for the game was announced as Cowboys Stadium (now called AT&T Stadium), located in Arlington. The attendance for the stadium was initially expected to be in the 80,000 range. Depending on ticket demand, temporary seating can be added to the stadium to increase the capacity up to 100,000 seats for the game. The tickets were said to be split 50/50 between the two schools. The initial agreement between the two schools allowed the game to be played for at least 10 years, followed by 5 consecutive, 4-year rollover options, allowing the game to potentially be played for a total of 30 consecutive seasons.
The rivalry once again became a conference matchup when Texas A&M joined the SEC on July 1, 2012 and was placed alongside Arkansas in the West Division. However, for A&M's first two seasons in the SEC the series was played as a home-and-home series at the school's campuses (A&M hosted in 2012 and Arkansas hosted in 2013); the series resumed neutral-site play in AT&T Stadium for the 2014 season until at least 2024.
A&M currently (since the 2012 contest) holds an undefeated record in the series while both teams have been members of the same conference and division. (Southeastern Conference-Western Division)
Texas A&M 6 – Arkansas 0
In the first ever meeting, and only the 43rd game ever played by Arkansas and the 42nd ever played by Texas A&M, the Aggies won 6–0. The Aggies were coached by J. E. Platt and the Razorbacks were coached (in his only season as a head coach) by D. A. McDaniel.
Texas A&M 27 – Arkansas 0
In 1939, after winning the game 27–0, the Aggies went on to an overall record of 11–0 and named the college football national champions in the Associated Press writers' poll for the 1939 college football season
Arkansas 17 – Texas A&M 0
In 1964, after winning the game 17–0 in College Station, Texas, the Razorbacks went on to an overall record of 11–0 and won the college football national championship by beating Nebraska in the Cotton Bowl Classic. The Aggies were coached (in his final season) by Hank Foldberg, and Arkansas was coached by Hall of Fame coach Frank Broyles.
Arkansas 31 - Texas A&M 6
In 1975, Texas A&M was undefeated and ranked #2 in the nation coming into the regular season finale at Arkansas. The game was played in Little Rock at War Memorial Stadium in front of a national audience, broadcast on ABC. If the Aggies won, they would clinch the Southwest Conference championship outright, and would have a chance to win a national championship in the 1976 Cotton Bowl Classic. But it wasn't to be, as the Razorbacks soundly defeated Texas A&M 31-6, forcing a three-way tie for the SWC crown between Arkansas, Texas, and Texas A&M, sending the Razorbacks to the Cotton Bowl.
Arkansas 27 – Texas A&M 24
The 1980 contest won by Arkansas 27–24 was Texas A&M's 800th game ever played by the organization. Arkansas was led by head coach Lou Holtz in his fourth year with the team, and went on to an overall record of 7–5 (3–5 in conference) for the season. The Aggies were led by Tom Wilson in his next to last season with the team, and finished the year 4–7 (3–5 in conference).
Texas A&M 13 – Arkansas 3
In the last Southwest Conference meeting on November 16, 1991 at Kyle Field, Texas A&M won 13–3 in a game nationally televised by ESPN. The Razorbacks came out in the wishbone formation on offense, but the Aggie defense held the Hogs to only 121 yards of total offense. After the season, the Razorbacks went on to leave the Southwest Conference, and join the Southeastern Conference, thereby ending the yearly in-conference game with the Aggies.
Arkansas 47 – Texas A&M 19
On October 3, 2009, the two teams met for the first time since 1991. The rivalry was originally slated to take place on a yearly basis at the new Cowboys Stadium in Arlington, Texas. Arkansas came back from a 10–0 deficit in the first quarter to win 47–19.
Arkansas 42 – Texas A&M 38
The Aggies, leading 35–17 at the half, blew their 18-point lead and only scored 3 points in the second half. As Broderick Green charged into the end zone on the final score of the game, Arkansas fans appeared on the Cowboys Stadium video holding a sign saying "Welcome to the SEC" (in recognition of A&M's announcement only six days earlier that it would join Arkansas as a member of the SEC in 2012).
Texas A&M 58 – Arkansas 10
On September 29, 2012, the Aggies and Razorbacks met on the gridiron as conference rivals for the first time since 1991, with A&M joining Arkansas in the Southeastern Conference. (commonly abbreviated "SEC") The Aggies won 58–10. The game moved from the neutral-site Cowboys Stadium venue of the last three years to Kyle Field as part of a planned home-and-home series with Arkansas for A&M's first two SEC seasons; the 2014 matchup returned to AT&T Stadium.
The 2014 contest returned to AT&T Stadium (home of the Dallas Cowboys) after a two-year "home-and-home" schedule the previous two seasons. Oddly, both the 2014 and 2015 contests ended in ties, necessitating the need for overtime play due to college football rules. These back-to-back years of overtime were also the first two overtimes between the two schools in the rivalry's history. Texas A&M won both contests, bringing their overall record against Arkansas in this rivalry since joining the Southeastern Conference to 4–0.