Neha Patil

Archbishop of Ohrid

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5 minutes sofia the crown of the archbishop of ohrid


The Archbishop of Ohrid is a historic title given to the primate of the Archbishopric of Ohrid.

Contents

The archbishopric was established in 1018 by lowering of the rank of the autocephalous Bulgarian Patriarchate and its subjugation to the jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. The autocephaly of the Ohrid Archbishopric remained respected during the periods of Byzantine, Bulgarian, Serbian and Ottoman rule over the region of Macedonia and continued to exist until its abolition in 1767.

Today, the primates of the Macedonian Orthodox Church and Orthodox Ohrid Archbishopric are both claimants to the title of Archbishop of Ohrid.

Archbishopric of Ohrid, 1018–1767

Dorotheos, the Archbishop of Ohrid, and his clerks and boyars were expatriated to Constantinople in 1466 because their anti-Ottoman activities during Skanderbeg's rebellion.

Macedonian Orthodox Church (autonomous), 1959–1967

In 1959, the Macedonian Orthodox Church was declared as the restoration of the Archbishopric of Ohrid. The declaration was celebrated in a common liturgy by Macedonian priests and the Serbian Patriarch German II in 1959 in Skopje. The Archbishop Dositheus II was enthroned as Archbishop of Ohrid and Macedonia, continuing in the lineage of the Archbishops of Ohrid.

In 1962, the Serbian Patriarch German II and Russian Patriarch Alexius I visited the Macedonian Orthodox Church on the feast of Saint Cyril and Saint Methodius in Ohrid. The two patriarchs and the Macedonian Archbishop Dositheus II celebrated Holy Liturgy marking the first occasion where the leader of the Macedonian church met with heads of other Orthodox churches.

Macedonian Orthodox Church (self-proclaimed autocephalous), since 1967

On 19 July 1967, in Ohrid, the Macedonian Orthodox Church declared autocephaly from the Serbian Orthodox Church, a move which was not acknowledged by the Serbian church and most other Orthodox Churches.

Orthodox Ohrid Archbishopric, since 2005

The Macedonian Orthodox Church has an ongoing issue with the Serbian Orthodox Church after the separation and declaration of autocephaly in 1967, unrecognized by the Eastern Orthodox churches. After the negotiations between the two churches were suspended, the Macedonian church having rejected the 2002 agreement where the Macedonian church would enjoy recognition as autonomous under the control of the Serbian church, the Serbian church officially recognized the group led by Jovan Vraniškovski, a former bishop of the Macedonian church, as leaders of the Archbishopric of Ohrid under the tutelage of the Serbian Patriarchate in 2005. The Serbian church recognized Vraniškovski's breakaway group as the restoration of the Archbishopric of Ohrid and gave him the title of John VI, Archbishop of Ohrid.

References

Archbishop of Ohrid Wikipedia


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