Siddhesh Joshi (Editor)

Antonio Nariño

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
President  Simon Bolivar
Role  Polit.
Name  Antonio Narino
Preceded by  Jorge Tadeo Lozano
Monarch  Ferdinand VII

Antonio Narino Antonio Nario Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

Preceded by  Manuel Benito de Castro
Succeeded by  Manuel de Bernardo Alvarez del Casal
Succeeded by  Manuel Benito de Castro
Died  December 13, 1823, Villa de Leyva, Colombia
Parents  Vicente Vasquez de Narino , Catalina Alvarez del Casal
Similar People  Camilo Torres Tenorio, Policarpa Salavarrieta, Francisco de Paula Santander, Simon Bolivar, Francisco de Miranda

Vida y obra de don antonio narin o

Antonio Amador José de Nariño Bernardo del Casal (Santa Fé de Bogotá, Colombia 1765 – 1824 Villa de Leyva, Colombia) was a Colombian ideological precursor of the independence movement in New Granada (present day Colombia) as well as one its of early political and military leaders.


Antonio Nariño Antonio Narino Alchetron The Free Social Encyclopedia

Planton de estudiantes de la universidad antonio narino

Early political activity

Antonio Nariño Revista Rosarista Nova Et Vetera Universidad del Rosario

Nariño was born to an aristocratic family. He was intellectually curious and admired the political ideologies of the leaders of the French and American Revolutions. In his impressive library there was a portrait of Benjamin Franklin above the mantle. In his youth, Nariño was a strong influence among the progressive young people of Bogotá, Colombia, hosting many secret political gatherings where the need for independence and the means of achieving it were discussed. Nariño was one of the most out-spoken and articulate participants at these meetings, and was widely respected by his fellow revolutionaries.

Antonio Nariño Antonio Nario Wikipedia

In 1794, Nariño procured a copy of the "Declaration of the Rights of Man", which was being distributed by the French Assembly. He translated the Declaration of the Rights of Man from its original French into Spanish and printed several copies from his own private press. He then circulated these translated pamphlets among his politically like-minded friends. Copies of the pamphlet were distributed to all corners of the continent and created a stirring in the political mentalities of the time. The government soon discovered the material and any copy that was found was burned. Nariño was sentenced to ten years of imprisonment in Africa for his leading role in the political group and was exiled from South America. Nariño had previously worked as a tax collector (Recaudador de diezmos) and was also accused of fraud resulting from this activity.

Antonio Nariño Antonio Narino Alchetron The Free Social Encyclopedia

However, when the ship landed in Spain, Nariño escaped from his captors and later went to France and England, where he continued his work supporting the revolution in South America. He found his way back to New Granada (Colombia) where the authorities again caught up with him in Bogotá. This time he was imprisoned and sent to Madrid but somehow managed to escape again and return to Colombia, where he was able to take part in the revolution. He founded the political newspaper La Bagatela in 1811. That same year he was selected president of the State of Cundinamarca.

Antonio Nariño Antonio Narino AntonioNarino Twitter

Recognized as the commander of the centralist republican forces in New Granada, Nariño fought several battles against the federalists organized around the city of Cartagena, Colombia.

Southern campaign

In July 1813, General Nariño began an intensive military campaign against the Spanish and Royalist forces in the south, intending to reach Pasto and eventually Quito.

Antonio Nariño Biografia de Antonio Nario

Nariño's forces, known as the Army of the South, numbering 1500 to 2000 men, managed to capture Popayán in January 1814 after defeating the Royalist forces in the area in a series of initially successful battles.

After stopping to reorganize the city's government and his own forces, he pressed on towards Pasto. Historians have speculated that, had he not stopped at Popayán but actually decisively pursued the fleeing Royalist army, he might have been able to successfully capture a relatively undefended Pasto.

As things happened, the constant raids of Royalist guerrillas, the harshness of the terrain, the lack of promised reinforcements from Antioquia, and the delays in bringing up his army's artillery contributed to weakening the morale of many of the troops under Nariño's command, when they had practically reached the gates of Pasto.

After being wounded during combat, a false rumor of his death was spread, and most of the remaining soldiers scattered, only some 400 returning to Popayán. Nariño, left practically alone in the battlefield, attempted to hide, but surrendered himself when Royalist scouts found him. He was taken into Pasto in May 1814, and then sent to the Royal prison at Cádiz via Quito.

Later years

Nariño was freed in 1821 after the revolt of Rafael del Riego, and returned to his home country, Colombia, now independent from Spain after the republican victory at the Battle of Boyacá.

Nariño was one of the candidates for election to the presidency of Gran Colombia in 1821, which he lost to Simón Bolívar by the significant margin of 50 to 6 votes in the Congress held at Cúcuta, finishing second. He also lost the election for vice president, with Francisco de Paula Santander eventually defeating him by a 38 to 19 vote margin after several heated rounds of voting.

Nariño died in 1824, having become a national hero of Colombia. He is mentioned in the last stanza of the Colombian national anthem. At the foot of his memorial statue in Bogotá he is quoted: "I have loved my country; only History will say what this love has been." The presidential palace of the Republic of Colombia, Casa de Nariño or Palacio de Nariño, was constructed at the site of his birthplace and named in his honor.


Antonio Nariño Wikipedia