Harman Patil (Editor)

Anthracotherium

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Kingdom  Animalia
Family  †Anthracotheriidae
Phylum  Chordata
Order  Even-toed ungulate
Class  Mammalia
Subfamily  †Anthracotheriinae
Rank  Genus
Anthracotherium prehistoricfaunacomimagecachedataAnthracothe
Similar  Anthracotheriidae, Even‑toed ungulate, Elomeryx, Merycopotamus, Bothriogenys

Anthracotherium ("Coal Beast") was a genus of extinct artiodactyl ungulate mammals, characterized by having 44 teeth, with five semi-crescentic cusps on the crowns of the upper molars. The genus ranged from the early Eocene period until the late Oligocene, having a distribution throughout Eurasia. The last species died out near the end of the Oligocene.

Anthracotherium Anthracotherium Wikipdia

The genus typifies the family Anthracotheriidae, if only because it is the most thoroughly studied. In many respects, especially the anatomy of the lower jaw, Anthracotherium, as with the other members of the family, is allied to the hippopotamus, of which it is probably an ancestral form. Recent evidence further suggests that anthracotheres, together with hippos, may be close to the ancestry of the whales.

Anthracotherium designeranimals Anthracotherium

The genus name stems from the fact that the remains first described having been obtained from the Tertiary lignite-beds of Europe.

Anthracotherium Anthracotheriummagnum1738x591jpg

The European Anthracotherium magnum was approximately as large as a pygmy hippo (about 2 m long and weighing up to 250 kg), but there were several smaller species and the genus also occurs in Egypt, India and North America. Members of the genus Anthracotherium, as well as other members of the family Anthracotheriidae, are known colloquially as anthracotheres.

Anthracotherium designeranimals Anthracotherium

References

Anthracotherium Wikipedia


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