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Anthonius Triest

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See  Ghent
Other posts  Bishop of Bruges
Installed  1622
Denomination  Roman Catholic
Predecessor  Jacobus Boonen

Term ended  1657
Name  Anthonius Triest
Consecration  1617
Successor  Carolus van den Bosch
Died  May 28, 1657
Ordination  1602
Anthonius Triest
Province  Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Mechelen-Brussels

Alma mater  Old University of Leuven

Anthonius Triest (in Dutch sometimes Antoon; in French Antoine) (1576 – 28 May 1657), was the fifth bishop of Bruges and the seventh bishop of Ghent.

Contents

Early life

Anthonius was born in the castle of Ten Walle in Beveren in 1576, son of Philip Triest, knight, lord of Auweghem, and Marie van Royen. He studied at the Augustinian college in Ghent and at Leuven University, graduating Licentiate of Laws. On 8 May 1596 he was appointed to a canonry in St Bavo's Cathedral, Ghent, becoming archdeacon in 1599. On 5 July 1610 he became dean of the chapter of St. Donatian's Cathedral, Bruges, in which capacity he was delegate of the First Estate in the States of Flanders.

Episcopal career

On 10 August 1616 Triest was named bishop of Bruges, and he was consecrated as such on 9 July 1617. From 25 November 1617 to 28 January 1618 he was absent from his diocese on a mission to reconcile the Duke of Lorraine and his brother, the Count of Vaudement.

On 10 July 1620 he was named bishop of Ghent, in succession to Jacobus Boonen, who had become archbishop of Mechelen. Due to various delays he continued to act as bishop of Bruges until he could be replaced there, and was installed in his new see only on 7 April 1622. As bishop he supported charitable institutions such as the newly established mount of piety (that provided interest-free credit to the poor) and an orphanage for girls, re-organised Sunday schools, encouraged the foundation of confraternities and patronised the arts. His intelligent interest in the visual arts gained him the friendship of Peter Paul Rubens, Anthony Van Dyck and David Teniers the Younger. He commissioned his own tomb from François Duquesnoy, and it was completed in 1651.

Papal interdict

Triest fell into disgrace through his refusal to publish the 1643 papal condemnation of Cornelius Jansen's Augustinus. In 1651 he justified his continued resistance by issuing his episcopal order Noveritis, a document which was condemned by the Holy Office. He was summoned to Rome to answer before the Pope, but on 29 August 1652 the Council of Brabant issued an order under the jus de non evocando forbidding him from pleading his case before a foreign tribunal. On 19 December 1652 Innocent X placed Triest, and his colleague Jacobus Boonen, under interdict and suspended them from their episcopal functions. In Cum occasione he formally declared five propositions derived from Augustinus as heretical. Triest submitted and on 23 September 1653 received absolution from the papal internuncio, Andrea Mangelli, and was reinstated in his functions.

Triest died in Ghent on 28 May 1657. By his will he left a third of his wealth to the poor of the city.

References

Anthonius Triest Wikipedia


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