Samiksha Jaiswal

Anthoceros agrestis

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Kingdom  Plantae
Class  Anthocerotopsida
Genus  Anthoceros
Rank  Species
Division  Anthocerotophyta
Family  Anthocerotaceae
Scientific name  Anthoceros agrestis
Order  Anthocerotales
Anthoceros agrestis httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Similar  Anthoceros, Anthoceros neesii, Anthocerotaceae, Phaeoceros, Apometzgeria pubescens

Anthoceros agrestis, commonly called field hornwort, is a bryophyte of the Anthoceros genus. It has complicated taxonomies.



This species of Anthoceros is known for having enzymes like cinnamic acid 4-hydroxylase (EC, a cytochrome P450-dependent hydroxylase. Cinnamic acid 4-hydroxylase (C4H; EC is one of the first known plant cytochrome P450 monooxygenases and also one of the best-characterized cytochrome P450 hydroxylases from higher plants.


Production of rosmarinic acid and a rosmarinic acid 3'-O-beta-D-glucoside in suspension cultures of this hornwort was also discovered in 2005.

Anthocerodiazonin, an alkaloid, was isolated from in vitro cultures of the species. Also, six glutamic acid amides, N-(4-hydroxybenzoyl)-glutamic acid, N-(3,4-dihydroxybenzoyl)-glutamic acid, N-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzoyl)-glutamic acid, (E)-N-(isoferuloyl)-glutamic acid, (Z)-N-(isoferuloyl)-glutamic acid and (Z)-N-(p-coumaroyl)-glutamic acid were obtained as natural products.


Anthoceros agrestis Wikipedia

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