Anne Firor Scott (born April 24, 1921 in Montezuma, Georgia) is an American historian. In 1941 she graduated summa cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa from the University of Georgia. She earned a master's degree in political science from Northwestern University in 1944, and a PhD from Radcliffe College in 1949. She had temporary teaching appointments at Haverford College and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and in 1961 became assistant professor of history at Duke University. She worked there for the next three decades, until her retirement in 1991. In 1965 President Lyndon Johnson appointed her to the Citizens Advisory Council on the Status of Women.
In 1970 her book The Southern Lady: From Pedestal to Politics, 1830–1930, was published; it is now considered a classic that almost singlehandedly created the modern field of Southern women's history. In 1980 Firor Scott became the first female chair of Duke's history department.
In 1984 she became president of the Organization of American Historians. In 1987 the Anne Firor Scott Research Fund was created as an endowment to support students conducting independent research in women's history. In 1989 she became president of the Southern Historical Association. The Women's Studies living group at Duke named their dormitory after her. Since 1992 the Organization of American Historians has awarded the annual Lerner-Scott Prize, named for her and historian Gerda Lerner, to the writer each year of the best doctoral dissertation in U.S. women's history. In 2002 Firor Scott received the Organization of American Historians' Distinguished Service Award. She received the American Historical Association’s Scholarly Achievement Award in 2008.
Scott has also served on the advisory boards of the Schlesinger Library, the Princeton University department of history, and the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.
Firor Scott is now the W. K. Boyd Professor Emerita of History at Duke University, as well as an editor of the American Women's History Series at the University of Illinois Press and an editor for UPA. The Anne Firor Scott papers, 1963-2002, are held at Duke University.
She married Andrew MacKay Scott in 1947, and they had a daughter and two sons together. In the early 21st century, they had six grandchildren. Andrew died in 2005.
Writing Women's History: A Tribute to Anne Firor Scott was published in 2011. It contains essays on how women's history is written in the wake of Firor's book The Southern Lady: From Pedestal to Politics, 1830–1930. Edited by Elizabeth Anne Payne, the collection has contributions from Scott herself, Laura F. Edwards, Crystal Feimster, Glenda E. Gilmore, Jacquelyn Dowd Hall, Darlene Clark Hine, Mary Kelley, Markeeva Morgan, Laurel Thatcher Ulrich, and Deborah Gray White. It is based on papers presented at the University of Mississippi's annual Chancellor Porter L. Fortune Symposium in Southern History.Honorary degrees from Queens College, Northwestern University, Radcliffe College, and the University of the South
Berkshire Conference Prize in 1980
University Medal from Duke University in 1994
Organization of American Historians' Distinguished Service Award in 2002
Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2004.
American Historical Association’s Scholarly Achievement Award in 2008
2013 National Humanities Medal (awarded in 2014)