Andrija Fuderer (13 May 1931, Subotica, the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, Yugoslavia – 2 October 2011, Palamós, Catalonia) was a Croatian–Belgian chess master.
At the beginning of his career, he won the Yugoslav Junior Chess Championship in 1947. He was the 1951 Croatian champion, and was a common participant in the Yugoslav Chess Championship tying for 2nd in 1951 (Braslav Rabar won), took 2nd, behind Petar Trifunović, in 1952, and won (jointly) in 1953.
In other tournaments, he took 4th at Bled 1950 (Miguel Najdorf won), shared 2nd, behind Albéric O'Kelly de Galway, at Dortmund 1951, took 5th at Beverwijk 1952 (Max Euwe won).
Fuderer won at Saarbrücken 1953, took 2nd at Opatija (Abbazia) 1953 (Aleksandar Matanović won), took 4th at Munich 1954 (zonal, Wolfgang Unzicker won), tied for 3rd-5th at Hastings 1954/55 (Paul Keres and Vasily Smyslov won), and tied for 14-15th at Gotheburg 1955 (interzonal, David Bronstein won). After that last failure, he left chess for a University career in chemistry. He earned PhD degree from the University of Zagreb, and became a famous inventor.
Andrija Fuderer played thrice for Yugoslavia in Chess Olympiads:In 1952 in Helsinki (+2 –0 =3), won team bronze medal;
In 1954 in Amsterdam (+6 –1 =5), team bronze and individual silver medals;
In 1958 in Munich (+8 –2 =1), team silver and individual bronze medals.
He also played in the 1st European Team Chess Championship at Vienna 1957, and won team silver medal.
Awarded the International Master title in 1952, and an honorary GM title in 1990.