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Andreas Schluter

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Name  Andreas Schluter
Role  Architect
Andreas Schluter FileZeughaus Berlin 34jpg Wikimedia Commons
Died  May 1714, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Structures  City Palace, Berlin, Amber Room

Andreas Schluter (20 May 1664 – May 1714) was a German baroque sculptor and architect associated with the Petrine Baroque style of architecture and decoration.


Andreas Schluter FileDBPB 1967 304 groer Kurfrst von Andreas Schlter


Andreas Schluter Bode Museum Ausstellung Detail

Andreas Schluter was born in Hamburg His early life is obscure as at least three different persons of that name are documented. The records of St. Michaelis Church, Hamburg show that an Andreas Schluter, son of sculptor Gerhart Schluter, had been baptized there on 22 May 1664. Documents from Danzig (Gdansk) reported that an Andreas Schluter (senior) had worked 1640-1652 in Danzig's Jopengasse lane (today's ulica Piwna). Possibly born in 1640, an Andres Schliter is recorded as apprentice on 9 May 1656 by the mason's guild. Other sources state 1659 as year of birth.

Andreas Schluter Andreas Schlter Potraitbste des quotPrinzen von Homburg

He probably did spend several years abroad as Journeyman. His first work, in 1675, may have been epitaphs of the Dukes Sambor and Mestwin in the dome of Pelplin monastery.

Andreas Schluter wwwpreussenchronikdebilder1257AndreasSchluet

Schluter's first known work was the decoration of the facade of the St. Johannis Chapel, or Danzig Royal Chapel, in 1681. He later created statues for King John III Sobieski's Wilanow Palace in Warsaw and sepulchral sculptures in Zolkiew (Zhovkva). In 1689, he moved to Warsaw and made the pediment reliefs and sculptural work of Krasinski Palace.

Andreas Schluter 08JPG

Schluter was invited to Berlin in 1694 by Eberhard von Danckelmann to work as court sculptor at the armory (Zeughaus) for Elector Frederick III. His sculpted decorations are a masterpiece of baroque expression and pathos. While the more visible reliefs on the outside had to praise fighting, the statues of dying warriors in the interior denounced war and gave an indication of his pacifist religious beliefs (he is said to have been a Mennonite). Travelling through Italy in 1696, he studied the work of masters like Michelangelo Buonarroti and Gian Lorenzo Bernini.

Andreas Schluter 09JPG

Schluter also worked as an architect and built many state buildings in Berlin in his role as "Hofbaumeister" (Court Architect), which he lost when one tower showed signs of a weak fundament. He also served as director of the Akademie der Kunste from 1702 to 1704, after which he began concentrating on sculpting again, as "Hofbildhauer" (Court Sculptor). His most important equestrian sculpture is that of the "Great Elector", Frederick William of Brandenburg, cast in 1708 and placed at "Lange Brucke" near the Berlin City Palace, now situated in the honor court before Charlottenburg Palace.

Andreas Schluter Das Denkmal des Groen Kurfrsten in Berlin von Andreas

The Berlin City Palace, and many of his works, were partially destroyed by bombing in World War II and by the subsequent Communist regime. A similar fate probably befell the Amber Room, made between 1701 and 1709, Schluter's most famous work of architecture.

Andreas Schluter Das Denkmal des Groen Kurfrsten in Berlin von Andreas

In 1713 Schluter's fame brought him to work for Tsar Peter the Great in Saint Petersburg, where he died of an illness after creating several designs. Together with Johann Friedrich Braunstein, he designed the Grand Palace and Monplaisir Palace in Peterhof Palace Complex. Also the city's oldest building, Kikin's Palace, and the reliefs at the Summer Palace are attributed to him.

Extant works

  • facade of the Royal Chapel, Danzig, 1681
  • sculptures on the facade of Wilanow Palace, Warsaw, after 1681
  • sculptures on the pediment of Krasinski Palace, Warsaw, 1682-3, 1689–93
  • epitaph of Adam Zygmunt Konarski, St. Mary's Cathedral of the Assumption, Frombork, after 1683
  • altar and crucifix in church, Wegrow near Warsaw, 1688–90
  • sepulchral sculptures of the Sobieski family, Zhovkva near Przemysl, 1692–93
  • altar in Czerniakow church, Warsaw, 1690
  • portrait bishop Jan Malachowski in Wawel Cathedral, Krakow 1693
  • equestrian statue of Elector Frederick William, courtyard of Charlottenburg Palace, Berlin, 1689–1703, with a copy in the Berlin Bode-Museum
  • amber room (reconstruction) in the Catherine Palace of Tsarskoye Selo near Saint Petersburg, 1701
  • pulpit, St. Mary's Church, Berlin, 1703
  • sarcophagi of Friedrich I and Sophia Charlotte, king and queen of Prussia in the Berlin Cathedral
  • References

    Andreas Schluter Wikipedia

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