| Andreas Burnier|
| Catharina Irma Dessaur
July 3, 1931
Netherlands (1931-07-03) |
novel, short stories, essay
September 18, 2002, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Foundations of theory-formation in criminology
Andreas Burnier Wikipedia
Andreas Burnier, born Catharina Irma Dessaur (July 3, 1931 – September 18, 2002), was a Dutch writer. Burnier has published poetry, lectures, books, and articles, many of which address homosexuality, in order to emphasize women's problems in a male-dominated society.
Burnier was born Catharina Irma Dessaur in The Hague, The Netherlands to Jewish parents Salomon Dessaur and Rosa Louisa Jacobs. Like many other Jewish children in Europe, she went into hiding during World War II, and was separated from her parents for three years (1942–1945), hiding in sixteen different locations under the alias Ronnie van Dijk. During her time in hiding, Burnier became aware of the lack of rights that women experience in a male-dominated society and began to feel like she was a boy trapped in a girl's body.
After the war, Burnier studied medicine and philosophy in Amsterdam; however, she never finished her studies. In 1961, Burnier began to study philosophy in Leiden in South Holland and later graduated cum laude. Post-graduation, she received her PhD in criminology.
From 1973-1988, Burnier was a criminology professor at the University of Nijmegen. Prior to this, she worked with the Ministry of CRM and the Institute of Criminal Law and Criminology in Leiden.
Burnier debuted in the literary magazine Tirade with her story "Verschrikkingen van het Noorden" (The Horrors of the North). Along with assuming a new name as a writer, Burnier also assumed the opposite gender. In 1965, she published her first novel Een tevreden lach (A Contented Laugh). In it she wrote about her homosexuality, a topic that had not been previously breached in Dutch literature. This novel was well received by critics who praised its original structural elements. She followed this work with a collection of short stories entitled De verschrikkingen van het noorden (The Horrors of the North) in 1967 and a novel Het jongensuur (The boys' hour) in 1969, supplementing this work with a series of poetry, book reviews and articles.
Burnier was also a pioneer during the second feminist wave, often writing about the inborn misfortune of having a female body. Many of her works are intended to encourage women to take their place in society and fight for their rights. Dessaur saw feminism as a positive force for remaking civilization. She was an outspoken defender of gay rights and opposed to abortion and euthanasia.
In 1953, Burnier married Johannes Emanuel Zeijlmans van Emmichoven and had two children with him. About eight years later, in 1961, Burnier and Zeijlmans filed for divorce. During the time that Burnier was getting her PhD, Burnier met her first female romantic partner; they were together for 17 years. Beginning in 1983, she had a relationship with Ineke van Mourik. Burnier died in Amsterdam at the age of 71.
Her works include:Een tevreden lach (A Contented Laugh), 1965
De verschrikkingen van het noorden (The Horrors of the North), 1967
Het jongensuur (The Boys' Hour), 1969
De huilende libertijn (The Crying Libertine), 1970
De verschrikkingen van het noorden (The Horrors of the North), 1974
Poëzie: jongens en het gezelschap van geleerde vrouwen (Poetry: Boys and the Company of Educated Women), 1974
De reis naar Kithira (The Trip to Kithira), 1976
De zwembadmentaliteit (The Swimming Pool Mentality), 1979
Na de laatste keer (After the Last Time), 1981
De droom der rede (The Dream of Reason), 1982
De litteraire salon (The Literary Salon), 1983
De trein naar Tarascon (The Train to Tarascon), 1986
Gesprekken in de nacht (Conversations in the Night), 1987
Mystiek en magie in de litteratuur (Mystik and Magic in Literature), 1988
De achtste scheppingsdag (The Eighth Day of Creation), 1990
Een wereld van verschil (A World of Difference), 1994
Gustav Meyrink: bewoner van twee werelden (Gustav Meyrink: Inhabitant of Two Worlds), 1996
Manoeuvres (Laborers), 1996
De wereld is van glas (The World is Made of Glass), 1997
Joods lezen (Jewish Reading), 1997
Een gevaar dat de ziel in wil (A Danger That Wants to Be in the Soul), 2003
Na de laatste keer (After the Last Time), 2004
Elisabeth Lockhorn: Andreas Burnier, metselaar van de wereld. Amsterdam & Antwerpen, Uitgeverij Augustus/Atlas Contact, 2015. ISBN 978-90-450-2864-4