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Andreas Burnier

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Occupation  criminologist writer
Language  Dutch

Name  Andreas Burnier
Role  Writer
Andreas Burnier Meanderende geest Boeken de Volkskrant

Born  Catharina Irma Dessaur July 3, 1931 Den Haag Netherlands (1931-07-03)
Genre  novel, short stories, essay
Died  September 18, 2002, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Books  Foundations of theory-formation in criminology

De wereld van andreas burnier

Andreas Burnier, born Catharina Irma Dessaur (July 3, 1931 – September 18, 2002), was a Dutch writer. Burnier has published poetry, lectures, books, and articles, many of which address homosexuality, in order to emphasize women's problems in a male-dominated society.


Andreas Burnier httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

Early life

Burnier was born Catharina Irma Dessaur in The Hague, The Netherlands to Jewish parents Salomon Dessaur and Rosa Louisa Jacobs. Like many other Jewish children in Europe, she went into hiding during World War II, and was separated from her parents for three years (1942–1945), hiding in sixteen different locations under the alias Ronnie van Dijk. During her time in hiding, Burnier became aware of the lack of rights that women experience in a male-dominated society and began to feel like she was a boy trapped in a girl's body.


After the war, Burnier studied medicine and philosophy in Amsterdam; however, she never finished her studies. In 1961, Burnier began to study philosophy in Leiden in South Holland and later graduated cum laude. Post-graduation, she received her PhD in criminology.


From 1973-1988, Burnier was a criminology professor at the University of Nijmegen. Prior to this, she worked with the Ministry of CRM and the Institute of Criminal Law and Criminology in Leiden.

Literary debut

Burnier debuted in the literary magazine Tirade with her story "Verschrikkingen van het Noorden" (The Horrors of the North). Along with assuming a new name as a writer, Burnier also assumed the opposite gender. In 1965, she published her first novel Een tevreden lach (A Contented Laugh). In it she wrote about her homosexuality, a topic that had not been previously breached in Dutch literature. This novel was well received by critics who praised its original structural elements. She followed this work with a collection of short stories entitled De verschrikkingen van het noorden (The Horrors of the North) in 1967 and a novel Het jongensuur (The boys' hour) in 1969, supplementing this work with a series of poetry, book reviews and articles.

Feminism and activism

Burnier was also a pioneer during the second feminist wave, often writing about the inborn misfortune of having a female body. Many of her works are intended to encourage women to take their place in society and fight for their rights. Dessaur saw feminism as a positive force for remaking civilization. She was an outspoken defender of gay rights and opposed to abortion and euthanasia.

Personal life

In 1953, Burnier married Johannes Emanuel Zeijlmans van Emmichoven and had two children with him. About eight years later, in 1961, Burnier and Zeijlmans filed for divorce. During the time that Burnier was getting her PhD, Burnier met her first female romantic partner; they were together for 17 years. Beginning in 1983, she had a relationship with Ineke van Mourik. Burnier died in Amsterdam at the age of 71.


Her works include:

  • Een tevreden lach (A Contented Laugh), 1965
  • De verschrikkingen van het noorden (The Horrors of the North), 1967
  • Het jongensuur (The Boys' Hour), 1969
  • De huilende libertijn (The Crying Libertine), 1970
  • De verschrikkingen van het noorden (The Horrors of the North), 1974
  • Poëzie: jongens en het gezelschap van geleerde vrouwen (Poetry: Boys and the Company of Educated Women), 1974
  • De reis naar Kithira (The Trip to Kithira), 1976
  • De zwembadmentaliteit (The Swimming Pool Mentality), 1979
  • Na de laatste keer (After the Last Time), 1981
  • De droom der rede (The Dream of Reason), 1982
  • De litteraire salon (The Literary Salon), 1983
  • De trein naar Tarascon (The Train to Tarascon), 1986
  • Gesprekken in de nacht (Conversations in the Night), 1987
  • Mystiek en magie in de litteratuur (Mystik and Magic in Literature), 1988
  • De achtste scheppingsdag (The Eighth Day of Creation), 1990
  • Een wereld van verschil (A World of Difference), 1994
  • Gustav Meyrink: bewoner van twee werelden (Gustav Meyrink: Inhabitant of Two Worlds), 1996
  • Manoeuvres (Laborers), 1996
  • De wereld is van glas (The World is Made of Glass), 1997
  • Joods lezen (Jewish Reading), 1997
  • Een gevaar dat de ziel in wil (A Danger That Wants to Be in the Soul), 2003
  • Na de laatste keer (After the Last Time), 2004
  • Biography

  • Elisabeth Lockhorn: Andreas Burnier, metselaar van de wereld. Amsterdam & Antwerpen, Uitgeverij Augustus/Atlas Contact, 2015. ISBN 978-90-450-2864-4
  • References

    Andreas Burnier Wikipedia

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