Tripti Joshi

Andras Hadik

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Nationality  Hungarian
Name  Andras Hadik
Andras Hadik
Born  October 16, 1710 (1710-10-16) Csallokoz or Koszeg, Kingdom of Hungary, Habsburg Emprire
Died  March 12, 1790(1790-03-12) (aged 79) Futak, Kingdom of Hungary, Habsburg Emprire (now Futog, Serbia)
Ethnicity  Hungarian with Luxembourgian, Slovak and perhaps Tatar or Cherkess ancestry
Occupation  Field Marshal of the Habsburg Army, Governor of Galicia and Lodomeria
Known for  Capturing the Prussian capital Berlin in the Seven Years' War
Relatives  Karl Joseph Hadik von Futak

Count Andras Hadik de Futak (German: Andreas Reichsgraf Hadik von Futak; Hungarian: futaki Hadik Andras grof; Slovak: Andrej Hadik; October 16, 1710 – March 12, 1790) was a Hungarian nobleman and Field Marshal of the Habsburg Army. He was Governor of Galicia and Lodomeria from January 1774 to June 1774, and the father of Karl Joseph Hadik von Futak. He is famous for capturing the Prussian capital Berlin during the Seven Years' War.

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Early life

Andras Hadik, son of a lesser noble family, was born on October 16, 1710 in Csallokoz (then Kingdom of Hungary, now Zitny ostrov in Slovakia) or in Koszeg, Kingdom of Hungary (then part of the Habsburg Empire). He had Hungarian, Luxembourgian and Slovak ancestors. According to another source, he was of Hungarian ethnic origin, but the name "Hadik" is a diminutive from the Slovak appellative had 'snake', the family was thus of Slovak extraction. Alternative theories also suggest his Tartar or Cherkess ancestry.

His father, Mihaly Hadik was a cavalryman. His mother, Franciska Hardy had a German background. Andras Hadik volunteered for the Ghilanyi Hussar regiment when he was 20, and at 22 he was given the rank of officer and became the standard bearer in the Dessewffy Hussar regiment in the Habsburg army. Hadik fought in the War of the Polish Succession (1733 – 1738) and the Austro-Turkish War, 1737-1739. In 1738 Hadik was promoted to the rank of captain.

Military successes

During the War of the Austrian Succession (1740 – 1748) he gained fame for his actions against the Prussians at the city of Neisse (Nysa, now Poland) using surprise attacks and tricks under the unwritten laws of the so-called "small war," relying on the excellent training of his light cavalry hussars. During the war he served under Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine and was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. In 1744 he gained the rank of Commanding Colonel of his own hussar regiment, then near the end of the war in 1747 he attained the rank of General and was appointed commander of a cavalry brigade.

Early in the Seven Years' War (1756 – 1763), Hadik executed the most famous hussar action in history: when the Prussian King Frederick was marching south with his powerful armies, the Hungarian general unexpectedly swung his 5,000 force of mostly hussars around the Prussians and took their capital Berlin. The city was spared for a negotiated ransom of 300,000 thalers, which he distributed among his troops. For this feat, Hadik was promoted to the rank of Field Marshal. He was also awarded the Groskreuz of the Maria Theresia Order.

Legacy

Nowadays, the Slovak National Academy of Defense is named after him.

Image gallery

References

Andras Hadik Wikipedia


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