Andoins is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Andosiens or Andosiennes.
The commune is part of the urban area of Pau and is located 5 km east of Pau (five miles), the commune is part of the Vic-Bilh region of Gascony.
The commune is traversed by the A64 autoroute however there is no exit in the commune. The nearest exit is Exit 11 just south-east of the commune. Access to the village is by the D39 road from Morlaàs in the north-west which continues south-east to Limendous. There is also the D538 which goes north-west from the village to Serres-Morlaàs. There is also the D215 which goes south-west from the village to Artigueloutan.
Located in the drainage basin of the Adour, the commune is traversed from south-east to north-west by the Luy de France which forms part of the northern border before continuing to join the Lucet east of Morlaàs.
The Ayguelengue forms the southern border of the commune before joining the Oussere and continuing west.
The commune name in béarnais is Andonsh. (according to the classical norm of Occitan).
Brigitte Jobbé-Duval indicates that the village's name probably comes from the family name Antonius, modified in basque to Anton plus the suffix -tz inducing the property of or the domain of Anton.
The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.
Sources:Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. (French)
Origins:Lescar: Cartulary of Lescar
Pau: Cartulary of the Château of Pau
Fors de Béarn
Census: Census of Béarn
Ossau: Cartulary of Ossau.
Paul Raymond on page 5 of the 1863 dictionary noted that Andoins was the seat of the second largest barony in Béarn which also included Limendous. He also noted that in 1385 there were 20 fires in Andoins and it depended on the Bailiwick of Pau.
The town was part of the archdeaconry of Vic-Bilh, which depended on the bishopric of Lescar of which Lembeye was the capital.
List of Successive Mayors
(Not all data is known)
Andois is part of six inter-communal structures:the public agency for local management;
the Community of Communes of Pays de Morlaàs;
the AEP association of the Ousse Valley;
the energy association for Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
the intercommunal association for consolidation of the communes of the plain of Ousse;
the intercommunal association for the construction of the rescue centre at Soumoulou.
In 2009 the commune had 625 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.Population Change (See database)
Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)
The commune has a number of buildings that are registered as historical monuments:A House at Grange Montane (19th century)
A Fortified Area (11th century)
A Farmhouse at Poublan (1904)
The Maison Séries Farmhouse (1913)
The Maison Lacaze Farmhouse (18th century)
The Cazenave Farmhouse (1899)
The Maison Coustet Farmhouse (18th century)
Houses and Farms (18th - 20th centuries)
The Parish Church of Saint-Laurent (19th century) is registered as an historical monument. The church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:Guilhem Arnaud, Baron of Andoins who died in 1301. His funerary monument is displayed in the church of the Commandery of Caubin in the commune of Arthez-de-Béarn.