Railroad activity came to the area in 1872. Anderson is named after Elias Anderson, who owned the largest land grant in the vicinity. The town's Anderson River Park sits on part of the original land grant owned by Anderson.
Anderson is located at 40°27′08″N 122°17′48″W.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.6 square miles (17 km2), of which, 6.4 square miles (17 km2) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) of it (3.74%) is water.
According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Anderson has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csa" on climate maps.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Anderson had a population of 9,932. The population density was 1,500.3 people per square mile (579.3/km²). The racial makeup of Anderson was 8,273 (83.3%) White, 70 (0.7%) African American, 426 (4.3%) Native American, 256 (2.6%) Asian, 17 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 353 (3.6%) from other races, and 537 (5.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,070 persons (10.8%).
The Census reported that 9,920 people (99.9% of the population) lived in households, 12 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.
There were 3,944 households, out of which 1,453 (36.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,503 (38.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 771 (19.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 254 (6.4%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 364 (9.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 25 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,163 households (29.5%) were made up of individuals and 490 (12.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52. There were 2,528 families (64.1% of all households); the average family size was 3.07.
The population was spread out with 2,746 people (27.6%) under the age of 18, 934 people (9.4%) aged 18 to 24, 2,565 people (25.8%) aged 25 to 44, 2,420 people (24.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,267 people (12.8%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.1 years. For every 100 females there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.2 males.
There were 4,211 housing units at an average density of 636.1 per square mile (245.6/km²), of which 1,888 (47.9%) were owner-occupied, and 2,056 (52.1%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.8%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.6%. 4,727 people (47.6% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 5,193 people (52.3%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,022 people, 3,372 households, and 2,319 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,412.0 people per square mile (545.1/km²). There were 3,579 housing units at an average density of 560.2 per square mile (216.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.51% White, 0.62% African American, 4.13% Native American, 1.77% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 2.33% from other races, and 4.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.30% of the population.
There were 3,372 households out of which 39.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.6% were married couples living together, 20.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.2% were non-families. 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.14.
In the city, the population was spread out with 31.6% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 87.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $24,558, and the median income for a family was $29,259. Males had a median income of $28,074 versus $20,745 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,744. About 22.2% of families and 28.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.3% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over.
According to a 2006 estimate, the population is 10,677. The report by the California Department of Finance lists the annual percentage change population estimate at 1.4%.
In 2007, the population dropped from 10,677 to 10,580.
In areas north of Anderson, 4,036 live in unincorporated urban areas along Highway 273. Another 8,342 live in rural areas, including at least 3,500 people in the communities of Olinda and Happy Valley, which is west of Anderson and southwest of Redding. A total of 21,400 people live in the entire Anderson area, including Olinda, Happy Valley, and some areas south of Churn Creek Bottom.
In the state legislature Anderson is located in the 1st Senate District, represented by Republican Ted Gaines, and the 1st Assembly District, represented by Republican Brian Dahle.
Federally, Anderson is in California's 1st congressional district, represented by Republican Doug LaMalfa.
Anderson's main industry was lumber up until a few years ago. Now, it is getting many retail jobs, especially with the opening of a brand new Wal-Mart Supercenter across the street from the Shasta Outlets in 2006. Wal-Mart in addition to Prime Cinemas are creating a whole new shopping district similar to Redding, on its south side.
New housing construction has begun in the development off Gateway Drive and Red Bud.
Though, as of 8/7/2009, many high ticket store fronts remain empty as there is a shortage of low rent retail space available to smaller operations.
Anderson has five high schools, two public middle schools, and six elementary schools.Anderson Union High School
Oakview High School
North Valley High School
Anderson New Technology High School
Shasta Christian Academy
There is one public middle school, Anderson Middle School, and 5 elementary schools. Shasta Christian Academy is a private school which educates Kindergarten through 12th grade students.
The city is home to Anderson River Park, North Volonte Park, and South Volonte Park. Anderson River Park is located off of Stingy Ln. down Rupert Rd. The park is situated on the Sacramento River. It provides an array of accessible and diverse recreational opportunities. The park consists of athletic fields, picnic areas, fishing access, play structures, and a disc golf course. The amphitheater in the park houses the Mosquito Serenade, a free concert series, every year during the months of July and August.
North Volonte Park is located off South St. on Emily Rd. North Volonte Park is separated from South Volonte Park. North Volonte Park is a developed park which consists of softball and baseball fields. It also, has a permanent skate park that provides skating opportunities for local residents.
South Volonte Park is located behind North Volonte Park. South Volonte Park is wetlands that are outlined by jogging trail that also contains exercise equipment.