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Andance (Andança in Occitan) is a French commune in the Ardèche department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of southern France.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Andançois or Andançoises
Andance is located 5 km south of Saint-Rambert-d'Albon, 15 km east of Annonay, and 20 km north of Tournon-sur-Rhone. It can be accessed by the D86 road from Champagne in the north passing through the village then continuing south through the commune to Sarras. The D86B passes from the village over the Rhone to Andancette on the east bank. The D82 road also comes from Saint-Etienne-de-Valoux in the north-east to the village. There are also the small D370 road from Talencieux in the west to the village via a tortuous route and the D370B also from Talencieux to the south of the commune.
The commune has the Rhone as its entire eastern border with the Ruisseau de L'Ecoutay, the Ruisseau du Creux, the Ruisseau de Cueil, and numerous other streams flowing through the commune to the Rhone. The Conce river forms the southern border of the commune and also flows into the Rhone.
List of Successive Mayors
(Not all data is known)
In 2009 the commune had 1,126 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.Population Change (See database)
Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)
The population of the commune is relatively old. The proportion of persons above the age of 60 years (22.6%) is higher than the national rate (21.8%) while being less than the departmental rate (26.8%). As with the national and departmental distribution, the female population of the commune is higher than the male population. The rate (51%) is of the same order of magnitude as the national rate (51.9%).
The distribution of the population of the commune was, in 2009, 50% of men and 50% of women.
Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Andance and Ardèche Department in 2009
Sources:Evolution and Structure of the population of the Commune in 2009, INSEE.
Evolution and Structure of the population of the Department in 2009, INSEE.
The Sarrazinière Roman Ruins (Antiquity) at Châtelet are registered as an historical monument
Andance bridge was built in 1827 with iron wires and a central pier. The Andance bridge is the oldest suspension bridge still used today in France. It was built by Marc Seguin the brilliant inventor from Annonay. Largely destroyed during the Second World War on 30 August 1944, it was rebuilt and reopened in 1946 then underwent further changes
The Church of Our Lady of Andance (12th century) is registered as an historical monument
A Calvary of Three Saints.
The Church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:A Painting: Saint Philomena Martyred (19th century)
A Painting: Saint Romain (1835)
A Painting: Pope Pius IX remitting indulgences to the Andance Priest for the Saint-Barrel Chapel (19th century)
A Painting: Crusaders bringing relics to the chapel (19th century)
An Altar Cross (19th century)
A Processional Cross (19th century)
2 Prints with frames: Stations of the Cross (19th century)
A Reliquary (19th century)
A Statue: Saint Barulas (19th century)
A Statue: Black Madonna (19th century)
A Passion Cross: Cross of Bargemen
Andance is mentioned in the poem by Louis Aragon, The conscript of a hundred villages, written as an act of clandestine intellectual resistance in 1943 during the Second World War.