Harman Patil

Ancylotherium

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Kingdom  Animalia
Superfamily  †Chalicotherioidea
Subfamily  †Schizotheriinae
Rank  Genus
Class  Mammalia
Family  †Chalicotheriidae
Phylum  Chordata
Order  Odd-toed ungulate
Ancylotherium wwwprehistoricwildlifecomimagesspeciesaancy
Similar  Chalicothere, Moropus, Chalicotherium, Odd‑toed ungulate, Tylocephalonyx

Ancylotherium (from Greek, meaning "hooked beast") is an extinct genus of the family Chalicotheriidae, subfamily Schizotheriinae, endemic to Europe, Asia, and Africa during the Late Miocene-Early Pleistocene (9.0—1.8 mya), existing for approximately 7.2 million years.

Contents

Ancylotherium Ancylotherium paleofilescom

Taxonomy

Ancylotherium was named by Gaudry (1863) and was assigned to Chalicotheriidae by Carroll (1988); and to Schizotheriinae by Geraads et al. (2007).

Description

At 2 metres (6.6 ft) high at the shoulder and a weight of 450 kilograms (990 lb), Ancylotherium was relatively large, and was built rather like a goat. While it had long forelimbs and short hind limbs like other chalicotheres, it did not walk on its knuckles. It was similar to the North American genus Moropus.

Environment

Ancylotherium's habitat was the savannahs of East and South Africa. As an herbivore, it evolved to browse on vegetation on the trees in the grassy savannahs of Africa. Ancylotherium's closest relatives are the other perissodactyls, or "odd-toed" ungulates, including the extinct brontotheres and modern-day mammals such as horses, tapirs, and rhinoceroses.

Fossil distribution

Fossil remains of Ancylotherium have been found at many of the hominid fossil sites in Plio-Pleistocene Ethiopia, Kenya and South Africa, including sites in Laetoli, Olduvai and Omo. Furthermore, Miocene era fossils sites are located in Afghanistan, Greece, Kenya, former Serbia and Montenegro and Turkey.

References

Ancylotherium Wikipedia


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