Puneet Varma

Ancient Agora of Athens

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Alternate name  Forum of Athens
Periods  Classical era
Excavation dates  1931 until today
Phone  +30 21 0321 0185
Region  Attica
Location  Greece
Cultures  Ancient Greece
Material  Marble
Founded  6th century BC
Ancient Agora of Athens
Archaeologists  American School of Classical Studies at Athens
Address  Adrianou, Athina 105 55, Greece
Hours  Open today · 8AM–3PMThursday8AM–3PMFriday8AM–3PMSaturday8AM–3PMSunday8AM–3PMMonday8AM–3PMTuesday8AM–3PMWednesday8AM–3PM
Similar  Temple of Hephaestus, Acropolis of Athens, Plaka, Acropolis Museum, Monastiraki

Ancient agora athens greece walk through


The Ancient Agora of Classical Athens is the best-known example of an ancient Greek agora, located to the northwest of the Acropolis and bounded on the south by the hill of the Areopagus and on the west by the hill known as the Agoraios Kolonos, also called Market Hill.

Contents

Buildings and structures of the classical agora

  1. Peristyle Court
  2. Mint
  3. Enneakrounos
  4. South Stoa I and South Stoa II
  5. Aiakeion
  6. Strategeion
  7. Agoraios Kolonos
  8. Tholos
  9. Agora stone
  10. Monument of the Eponymous Heroes
  11. Metroon (Old Bouleuterion)
  12. New Bouleuterion
  13. Temple of Hephaestus (Hephaestion)
  14. Temple of Apollo Patroos
  15. Stoa of Zeus
  16. Altar of the Twelve Gods
  17. Stoa Basileios (Royal stoa)
  18. Temple of Aphrodite Urania
  19. Stoa of Hermes
  20. Stoa Poikile

Other notable monuments

A number of other notable monuments were added to the agora. Some of these included:

  • The Middle stoa which was the most extensive monument built during the 100s B.C.E.
  • A small Roman temple was added in front of the Middle stoa.
  • An Altar of Zeus Agoraios was added just to the east of the Monument to the Eponymous Heroes.
  • The Temple of Ares, dedicated to Ares, the god of war, was added in the north half agora, just south of the Altar of the Twelve Gods.
  • The Odeon of Agrippa and accompanying gymnasium were added in the centre of the agora.
  • The substantial Stoa of Attalos was built along the eastern edge of the agora.
  • A collection of buildings were added to the south-east corner: the East stoa, the Library of Pantainos, the Nymphaeum and a temple.
  • There is evidence of a Synagogue in the Agora of Athens in the 3rd century.
  • A statue of the Roman emperor Hadrian was located near the metroon.
  • The Temple of Zeus Phratrios and Athena Phratria dated to the 300s B.C.E. and is located near the Temple of Apollo Patroos.
  • The south end of what is believed to be a Basilica has been uncovered near Hadrian Street and is dated to the mid 100s C.E.
  • The Monopteros was located south of the Basilica and also dated to the mid 100s C.E. It had no walls, was a dome supported by columns and was about 8 meters in diameter.
  • The Bema was a speakers platform and was located near the Stoa of Attalos.
  • Excavations

    The ancient Athenian agora has been excavated by the American School of Classical Studies at Athens since 1931 under the direction of T. Leslie Shear, Sr. They continue to the present day, now under the direction of John McK Camp.[1]

    After the initial phase of excavation, in the 1950s, the Hellenistic Stoa of Attalos was reconstructed on the east side of the agora, and today it serves as a museum and as storage and office space for the excavation team.[2]

    A virtual reconstruction of the Ancient Agora of Athens has been produced through a collaboration of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens and the Foundation of the Hellenic World, which had various output (3d video, VR real-time dom performance, Google Earth 3d models).

    Museum of the Ancient Agora

    The museum is housed in the Stoa of Attalos, and its exhibits are connected with the Athenian democracy. The collection of the museum includes clay, bronze and glass objects, sculptures, coins and inscriptions from the 7th to the 5th century BC, as well as pottery of the Byzantine period and the Turkish occupation.

    References

    Ancient Agora of Athens Wikipedia


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