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Anbara Salam Khalidi

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Occupation  Translator
Name  Anbara Khalidi
Nephews  Tammam Salam
Period  Late 1920s - 1980s
Siblings  Saeb Salam, Rasha Salam
Citizenship  Lebanese
Died  1986, Beirut, Lebanon
Language  Arabic
Role  Translator

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Alma mater  American University of Beirut
Genre  Translations of classics
Education  American University of Beirut
People also search for  Saeb Salam, Tammam Salam, Salim Ali Salam, Rasha Salam

Anbara Salam Khalidi (Arabic: عنبرة سلام الخالدي‎‎) (1897–1986) was a Lebanese feminist, translator and author, who significantly contributed to the emancipation of Arab women.


Early life and education

Khalidi was born into an eminent Sunni family in Beirut in 1897. She was the daughter of Salim Ali Salam, a deputy in the Ottoman parliament and a merchant, and the sister of former Lebanese prime minister Saeb Salam. Two of her brothers served as cabinet ministers of Lebanon.

She received modern education and learned French. She and her siblings attended the Anglican Syrian College in Ras Beirut, which is the predecessor of the American University of Beirut. From 1925 to 1927 she studied in the United Kingdom.


After returning to Beirut Khalidi joined women's movement in the country. She is the first Lebanese woman, who publicly abandoned the veil in 1927 during a lecture at the American University of Beirut. She was the first person, who translated Homer's Odyssey into Arabic. She also translated Virgil’s Aeneid into Arabic for the first time. Her memoir was published in 1978 with the title of Jawalah fil Dhikrayat Baynah Lubnan Wa Filastin (A Tour of Memories of Lebanon and Palestine in English). It was translated into English in 2013 under the title of Memoirs of an Early Arab Feminist.

In her memoir, Khalidi emphasizes negative effects of Ottoman ruler of Syria Jamal Pasha's activities on her family and her childhood. A chapter in the book is about Jamal Pasha, titled Jamal Pasha and his Crimes.

Personal life and death

Anbara Salam married a Palestinian educator, Ahmad Samih Al Khalidi (died 1951) in 1929. It was his second marriage. He was the principal of the Arab College in Jerusalem in Mandatory Palestine. They settled in Jerusalem and then in Beirut. She died in Beirut in May 1986.


Anbara Salam Khalidi Wikipedia

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