| Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Anaplasma marginale, Anaplasmataceae, Bacteria, Rickettsiales|
Anaplasma is a genus of rickettsiales bacteria.
Anaplasmas reside in host blood cells and lead to the disease anaplasmosis. The disease most commonly occurs in tropical areas of the world.
Anaplasmas require intermediate tick hosts (eg. Dermacentor ) for maturation, and flies may act as mechanical vectors.
One of the major consequences of infection by red blood cells infecting Anaplasma is the development of haemolytic anaemia due to the damage done to red blood cells.
Species of veterinary interest include:Anaplasma marginale and Anaplasma centrale in cattle
Anaplasma mesaeterum and Anaplasma ovis in sheep and goats
Anaplasma phagocytophilum in dogs, cats and horses (see Human granulocytic anaplasmosis)
The genomes from at least three different Anaplasma species have been sequenced. These genomes are about 1.1 to 1.2 MB in size and encode 925 to 1,335 proteins.