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An Ti sheng

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Name  An Ti-sheng

An Ti-sheng

An Ti-sheng(Chinese: 安迪生, 1868-?), later changed into An Houzhai (Chinese: 安厚斋) was a Chinese artist and activist.



Mr. An Ti-sheng was born at Xianghe County, Metropolitan District, in 1868. He received his Chinese education in the old Confucian school. As a youth he showed artistic ability.

In 1902 Mr. An was made a clerk of the Hanlin Academy and in 1904 he became an expectant magistrate in the Metropolitan District. He constantly devoted his time and energy to the study of the fine arts and among his accomplishments was the invention of Pao Hua silver enamel ware which has become well known.

In 1905 Mr. An became a director of the Commercial Exhibit Hall established by the Board of Commerce and was made a member of the Peking Chamber of Commerce.

In the summer of 1910 a National Exhibition was held in Nanking, and Mr. An was a member of the Executive committee.

In October 1911 he was a member of the Chinese Industrial Party which toured Japan.

In 1912, the year of the Republic, the Peking government called a national conference to discuss industrial and commercial affairs of the country. Mr. An as representative of the Metropolitan General Chamber of Commerce attended the Conference which resulted in the founding of the National Association of the Chambers of Commerce which held its first conference in Peking in 1914. Mr. An represented the Metropolitan General Chamber of Commerce and was subsequently elected general secretary of the Association's Peking office. Since the establishment of the Directorate General of the Metropolitan Municipal Affairs, after the establishment of the Republic, Mr. An served as a member of the committee on Municipal Affairs.

In 1914 he held the position of vice-president of the Panama Exhibition Commission in Peking.

In February 1918 Mr. An was elected president of the Metropolitan General Chamber of Commerce and in August 1918 he was elected a member of the Shun-Chih (Metropolitan and Chihli) Provincial Assembly.

In December 1918 he played an important part in the association for the Promotion of Internal Peace, being Chief-in-Charge of the General Affairs Department.

In May 1919 when public sentiment against the pro-Japanese Anfu party developed into a nationwide boycott of Japanese goods, Mr. An acted as leader of the industrial and commercial interests participating.

In 1922 he represented the Metropolitan District at the Customs Tariff Revision Conference in Shanghai. The Pao Hua silver enamel ware invented by Mr. An has largely supplanted Japanese cloisonne in Peking. At present Japanese cloisonne has practically disappeared from the Peking market. There are now in Peking a large number of Poa Hua Silver Enamel Ware factories most of which were founded by the inventor himself.

In October 1935, he plotted and anticipated in the Xianghe Incident to gain the independence of Xianghe, which is considered to be part of the hyperaggressive Japanese's plan. He became the head of Xiangge Country, but step down 7 days later.

An dead before the People's Republic of China was founded, lived 80 years.


President Feng Kuo-chang conferred upon Mr. An the Fifth Order of Chiaho in May 1919; President Hsu Shih-chang. the Fourth Order of Chiaho in January 1920 and the Third Order of Chiaho in February 1922; and President Li Yuan-hung, the Second Order of Chiaho in March 1923.

Besides, Mr. An has received the Second Class Medal of the Ministry of Finance which he has helped to tide over many financial crises in Peking. He also has received the Second Class Medal of the Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce to which department he has been an Advisor for several years; and that of the Second Class Medal of the Ministry of Justice to which he has rendered assistance in the improvement of industrial establishments in connection with the Peking penitentiaries. Mr. An held the presidency of the Metropolitan General Chamber of Commerce for a time, being relieved in 1924.


An Ti-sheng Wikipedia

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