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American dipper

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Kingdom  Animalia
Order  Passeriformes
Genus  Cinclus
Higher classification  Dipper
Phylum  Chordata
Family  Cinclidae
Scientific name  Cinclus mexicanus
Rank  Species
American dipper d2fbmjy3x0sduacloudfrontnetsitesdefaultfiles
Similar  Bird, Dipper, Western wood pewee, Violet‑green swallow, Mountain chickadee

Amazing birds the american dipper


The American dipper (Cinclus mexicanus), also known as a water ouzel, is a stocky dark grey bird with a head sometimes tinged with brown, and white feathers on the eyelids that cause the eyes to flash white as the bird blinks. It is 16.5 cm long and weighs on average 46 g. It has long legs, and bobs its whole body up and down during pauses as it feeds on the bottom of fast-moving, rocky streams. It inhabits the mountainous regions of Central America and western North America from Panama to Alaska.

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American dipper American Dipper Photos Bill Schmoker

This species, like other dippers, is equipped with an extra eyelid called a "nictitating membrane" that allows it to see underwater, and scales that close its nostrils when submerged. Dippers also produce more oil than most birds, which may help keep them warmer when seeking food underwater.

American dipper American Dipper Audubon Field Guide

In most of its habits, it closely resembles its European counterpart, the white-throated dipper, Cinclus cinclus, which is also sometimes known as a Water Ouzel. It feeds on aquatic insects and their larvae, including dragonfly nymphs, small crayfish, and caddisfly larvae. It may also take tiny fish or tadpoles.

American dipper American Dipper Identification All About Birds Cornell Lab of

The song consists of high whistles or trills peee peee pijur pijur repeated a few times. Both sexes of this bird sing year round. It defends a linear territory along streams. Its habit of diving underwater in search of food can infrequently make it the prey of large salmonids like bull or Dolly Varden trout.

American dipper American Dipper Identification All About Birds Cornell Lab of

The American dipper's nest is a globe-shaped structure with a side entrance, close to water, on a rock ledge, river bank, behind a waterfall or under a bridge. The normal clutch is 2-4 white eggs, incubated solely by the female, which hatch after about 15–17 days, with another 20–25 days to fledging. The male helps to feed the young.

It is usually a permanent resident, moving slightly south or to lower elevations if necessary to find food or unfrozen water. The presence of this indicator species shows good water quality; it has vanished from some locations due to pollution or increased silt load in streams.

American dipper swimming under water


References

American dipper Wikipedia


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