Girish Mahajan (Editor)

Alpine newt

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Kingdom  Animalia
Order  Caudata
Family  Salamandridae
Higher classification  Triturus
Phylum  Chordata
Suborder  Salamandroidea
Scientific name  Ichthyosaura alpestris
Rank  Species
Alpine newt Marc Staniszewski39s Alpine Newt Care Sheet
Genus  IchthyosauraLatreille, 1801
Similar  Triturus, newt, smooth newt, Amphibians, Northern crested newt

The alpine newt (Ichthyosaura alpestris) is a newt of the salamander order Caudata (or Urodela) in the class of amphibians. It was formerly known as Triturus alpestris and Mesotriton alpestris.

Contents

Alpine newt Keeping Alpine Newts

Alpine newts closeups ichthyosaura alpestris alpestris


Description

During the mating season early in the year, the males exhibit dark-blue colouring on their backs; their flanks have white-black-spotted stripes below sky-blue stripes, and their bellies are bright orange. The females, in water camouflage, are mottled brown and have some weak spotting on their backs. The biggest of the males can reach up to 9 cm, and the females up to 12 cm in length. After the mating season, they return their original color of mottled brown.

Life and habitat

Alpine newt Keeping Alpine Newts

Alpine newts typically inhabit forests with good access to water in hilly to mountainous regions. They are mostly absent in forest-poor areas. They populate well in thick deciduous forests, as well as parkland and natural gardens. Outside the spawning season, Alpine newts live terrestrially. During the day it then stays in all kinds of undergrowth. After the adults come out of winter dormancy, they migrate to their spawning pools (forest pools, artificial pools) and live the mating season in cool water.

Distribution

Alpine newt Keeping Alpine Newts

Alpine newts were originally confined to Central Europe and mountainous Southern Europe, as well as an isolated area on the northern Iberian Peninsula. The species was introduced to southern England in the 1930s and several populations have become established as far north as Edinburgh.

Taxonomy

Alpine newt Alpine Newt for Sale Reptiles for Sale

The alpine newt was formerly placed within the genus Triturus. García-ParíS et al. divided the genus Triturus, placing the alpine newt into its own genus Mesotriton. Later, Mesotriton was postulated to be a junior synonym of Ichthyosaura. Ten subspecies of the alpine newt are recognized (some only with neotenic forms):

Alpine newt Froglife
  • I. a. alpestris (Laurenti, 1768) alpine newt
  • I. a. apuanus (Gray, 1850) Italian alpine newt
  • I. a. cyreni (Mertens & Muller, 1940) Spanish alpine newt
  • I. a. inexpectatus (Dubois & Breuil, 1983) Calabrian alpine newt
  • I. a. lacusnigri (Dely, 1960) Yugoslavian alpine newt
  • I. a. montenegrinus (Radovanovic, 1951) Montenegran alpine newt
  • I. a. piperianus (Radovanovic, 1961)
  • I. a. reiseri (Schreiber, 1912) Bosnian alpine newt
  • I. a. serdarus (Radovanovic, 1961)
  • I. a. veluchiensis (Wolterstorff, 1935) Greek alpine newt

  • Alpine newt wwwamphibiancoukImagestaapua3jpg

    I. alpestris is the only living species of the genus Ichthyosaura, though one extinct species, I. randeckensis, has also been referred to this genus.

    Alpine newt Alpine newt Wikipedia

    References

    Alpine newt Wikipedia


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