Puneet Varma (Editor)

Ali Yusuf Kenadid

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Reign  early 1900s–1926
Successor  n/a
Father  Yusuf Ali Kenadid
Parents  Yusuf Ali Kenadid
Predecessor  Yusuf Ali Kenadid
Dynasty  Majeerteen Dynasty
Religion  Islam
Uncle  Osman Yusuf Kenadid
Ali Yusuf Kenadid httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommons66

Ali Yusuf Kenadid (Somali: Cali Yuusuf Keenadiid, Arabic: علي يوسف كينايديض‎‎) was a Somali ruler. He was the second Sultan of the Sultanate of Hobyo.


Ali Yusuf was born into a Majeerteen Darod family. His father, Sultan Yusuf Ali Kenadid, was the founder of the Sultanate of Hobyo centered in present-day northeastern and central Somalia. The polity was established in the 1870s on territory carved out of the ruling Majeerteen Sultanate (Migiurtinia). Ali Yusuf's brother, Osman Yusuf Kenadid, would go on to invent the Osmanya writing script for the Somali language.

In an attempt to advance his own expansionist objectives, Kenadid père in late 1888 entered into a treaty with the Italians, making his realm an Italian protectorate. The terms of the agreement specified that Italy was to steer clear of any interference in the sultanate's administration.

However, the relationship between Hobyo and Italy soured when the elder Kenadid refused the Italians' proposal to allow a British contingent of troops to disembark in his Sultanate so that they might then pursue their battle against the Somali religious and nationalist leader Mohammed Abdullah Hassan's Dervish forces. Viewed as too much of a threat by the Italians, Sultan Kenadid was eventually exiled to Aden in Yemen and then to Eritrea, as was his son Ali Yusuf, the heir apparent to his throne. However, unlike the southern territories, the northern sultanates were not subject to direct rule due to the earlier treaties they had signed with the Italians.


Ali Yusuf Kenadid Wikipedia