|Preceded by Jafar Sharif-Emami|
Preceded by Ali Jahangiri
Succeeded by Asadollah Alam
Education University of Tehran
|Preceded by Nezam-ed-din Emami|
Role Iranian Politician
Prime Minister Fazlollah Zahedi
Name Ali Amini
|Monarch Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi|
Died December 12, 1992, Paris, France
Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh
UPITN 15 12 78 ALI AMINI INTERVIEW
Ali Amini (12 September 1905 – 12 December 1992) was an Iranian politician and writer who was the Prime Minister of Iran from 6 May 1961 to 19 July 1962.
- UPITN 15 12 78 ALI AMINI INTERVIEW
- Early life
- Personal life
- Later years and death
Amini was born on 12 September 1905 in Tehran. He was a grandson of Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar through his mother, Fakhr ol dowleh. He completed his studies first in Darolfonoon and then in France where he graduated with a degree in law from Grenoble University, followed by his Ph.D in economics from Paris.
He became involved in politics through the help of Ali Akbar Davar who gave him a position in the judiciary.
At the age of 37, Amini was selected as a minister to serve in the cabinet of Ahmad Ghavam. He was a member of the National Front, but broke away from the party in 1952.
He was minister of culture from 1952 to 1953. He became minister of economic affairs in the cabinet of Fazlollah Zahedi and remain in office until 1955. The same year he was named ambassador to the US. His tendencies were pro-American to the extent that made the Shah uncomfortable. Mohammad Reza Shah in particular distrusted Amini's popularity and friendship with then-senator John F. Kennedy. Therefore, his tenure ended in 1958.
In the 1950s, Amini was a candidate for premiership. He was appointed prime minister in 1961. In July 1962, however, he was replaced by the Shah's close friend and a major Birjand landowner Asadollah Alam. In the late 1970s, Amini attempted a comeback into Iranian politics at the age of 70. He served as advisor to the Shah during the final days of the Pahlavi Dynasty.
Amini married Batoul Voosough (died 1992) in 1932 and they had a son, Iraj.
Amini was awarded Grand Croix of the Legion of Honor in 1962.
Later years and death
In 1979, Amini moved to Paris, France. There he headed the Front for the Liberation of Iran, a monarchist opposition group. He complained about internal struggle among the exiled Iranian monachists, saying "We're not even back in Tehran [and] they quarrel over the name of the country's future prime minister." He wrote his biography published by Harvard University.
He died in Paris on 12 December 1992, aged 87. His body was buried in Passy Cemetery.