Alexandru Graur ([alekˈsandru ˈɡra.ur]; July 9, 1900 – July 9, 1988) was a Romanian linguist.
Born into a Jewish family in Botoşani, Graur graduated from the Faculty of Letters of the University of Bucharest and the École Pratique des Hautes Études in Paris (1924–1929). He obtained a Doctor of Philosophy degree from the Sorbonne. After returning to Bucharest, he became involved in academic life and published studies in different periodicals.
Graur founded and was the principal (1941–1944) of the "Liceul particular evreiesc" (Jewish Private High School). In 1946 he started teaching at the university level. In 1955 he was named permanent member of the Romanian Academy. Between 1954 and 1956 he was the Dean of the Faculty of Letters at the University of Bucharest. He wrote many papers and articles on classical philology and etymology. He had many contributions in the field of linguistics, phonetics and grammar of the Latin and Romanian languages.
In 1956, Graur, alongside Dean Iorgu Iordan, leading propagandist Leonte Tismăneanu, and the academics Mihai Novicov, Ion Coteanu, and Radu Florian, he took part in a University inquiry into the anti-communist statements of Paul Goma, a university student who later became a noted dissident and writer; led by Iordan and supervised by the Securitate, the investigation culminated in Goma's expulsion from the Faculty and his subsequent arrest.
He was married twice, the second time with Neaga Graur (1921-2005) in 1947, and they had a son, Dumitru (born 1947).Nom d‘agent et adjectif en roumain, Champion, Paris, 1929
La romanité du Roumain, Editura Academiei Române, Bucharest, 1965
The Romance Character of Romanian, Editura Academiei Române, Bucharest, 1965
Nume de persoane, Bucureşti, Editura Ştiinţifică, Bucharest, 1965
Tendinţele actuale ale limbii române, Editura Ştiinţifică, Bucharest, 1968
Scrieri de ieri şi de azi, Editura Ştiinţifică, Bucharest, 1970
Puţină... aritmetică, Editura Ştiinţifică, Bucharest, 1971
Nume de locuri, Editura Ştiinţifică, Bucharest, 1972
Gramatica azi, Editura Academiei Române, Bucharest, 1973
Mic tratat de ortografie, Editura Ştiinţifică, Bucharest, 1974
Dicţionar al greşelilor de limbǎ, Editura Academiei Române, Bucharest, 1982
Puţină gramatică, Editura Academiei Române, Bucharest, 1987