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Alexander Kucharsky

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Nationality  Polish
Patron(s)  French court

Name  Alexander Kucharsky
Known for  Painting
Alexander Kucharsky 4bpblogspotcomzg6w1yTOe0sUYrf0tSSWIAAAAAAA
Full Name  Alexander Kucharsky
Born  March 18, 1741 (1741-03-18) Warsaw, Poland
Notable work  Louis XVII of France Countess of Artois
Died  November 5, 1819, Paris, France
Similar People  Louis XVII of France, Marie Antoinette, Louis XVI of France

Alexander Kucharsky (18 March 1741 – 5 November 1819) also Alexandre Kucharsky, was a Polish portrait painter who spent his adult life in France. He himself used the spelling Kucharsky, but Kucharski is also often used. In the past, in France, the name has been given as Couaski.


Alexander Kucharsky FileAlexander Kucharsky Madame BarbierWalbonne WGA12295jpg

Early life

Alexander Kucharsky FileAlexander Kucharsky 002jpg Wikimedia Commons

Kucharsky was born in Warsaw. As a boy, he was a page to King Stanisław II Augustus, the last elected ruler of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. He trained first as an artist in Warsaw, in the studio of the famous painter Marcello Bacciarelli. With a bursary from King Stanisław Augustus, he then travelled to Paris to work under Joseph-Marie Vien and Carle van Loo at the Académie Royale, from 1760 to 1769.


The king of Poland wanted Kucharsky to train as a historical painter, but instead he became a portrait artist, thus losing the king's patronage. From 1776 to 1778, Kucharsky was in the service of the Princes de Condé.

Kucharsky liked to paint half-length portraits in pastels or in oils, but he also worked in gouache and sometimes painted miniatures. His clients were mostly from the French and Polish aristocracy. The latter had increased in numbers in France as a result of the alliance between King Louis XV and Marie Leszczyńska.

After the departure from the French court of Élisabeth-Louise Vigée-Le Brun in 1789, Kucharsky became painter to Queen Marie-Antoinette. As well as painting her portrait and the royal children, he also painted Marie-Louise, princesse de Lamballe, the comte d'Artois, later King Charles X, the countess of Artois, and Catherine the Great of Russia.

Kucharsky's best-known work today includes his portraits of the doomed French royal family, especially the future King Louis XVII. The final portrait, painted in 1793 of Marie Antoinette, was sold at auction by Piasa on 21 May 2003 and is attributed to Kucharsky.

When signing his work, the artist used the spelling "Kucharsky".

Later years

Throughout the years of the French Revolution, Kucharsky's allegiance remained with the ancien régime. In retirement he lived near Paris at Sainte-Périne, living on a pension granted by Louis XVIII of France. He died in Paris.


Alexander Kucharsky Wikipedia

Similar Topics
Louis XVI of France
Louis XVII of France
Marie Antoinette