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Alexander Gretchaninov

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Name  Alexander Gretchaninov

Role  Composer
Alexander Gretchaninov httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Died  January 3, 1956, New York City, New York, United States
Education  Saint Petersburg Conservatory (1890–1893), Moscow Conservatory (1881–1890)
Compositions  Piano Trio no 1 in C minor - op 38: III Allegro e vivace, Piano Trio no 1 in C minor - op 38: III Allegro e vivace, Berceuse, Berceuse, Nine otpushchayeshi 'Lord - Now Lettest Thou Thy Servant' Op 34: I, Nine otpushchayeshi 'Lord - Now Lettest Thou Thy Servant' Op 34: I, Vsenoshchnoye bdeniye 'All-Night Vigil' - op 59: II Blazhen muzh, Vsenoshchnoye bdeniye 'All-Night Vigil' - op 59: II Blazhen muzh, Symphony no 3 - op 100: I Moderato - Allegro, Symphony no 3 - op 100: I Moderato - Allegro, Vsenoshchnoye bdeniye 'All-Night Vigil' - op 59: IV Bogoroditse Devo, Vsenoshchnoye bdeniye 'All-Night Vigil' - op 59: IV Bogoroditse Devo, Snowflakes - op 47: IV In the Forest, Snowflakes - op 47: IV In the Forest, Missa oecumenica - op 142: V Benedictus, Missa oecumenica - op 142: V Benedictus, Piano Trio no 1 in C minor - op 38: II Lento assai, Piano Trio no 1 in C minor - op 38: II Lento assai, Snowflakes - op 47: I Snowflakes, Snowflakes - op 47: I Snowflakes, Symphony no 2 - op 27 "Pastoral": IV Finale: Allegro vivace, Symphony no 2 - op 27 "Pastoral": IV Finale: Allegro vivace, Variations for Clarinet and String Quartet - op 172, Variations for Clarinet and String Quartet - op 172, Cello Concerto - op 8: IV Allegro vivo, Cello Concerto - op 8: IV Allegro vivo, Snowflakes - op 47: VII Night, Snowflakes - op 47: VII Night, Missa oecumenica - op 142: II Gloria, Missa oecumenica - op 142: II Gloria, Mass "Et in terra pax" - op 166: IV Sanctus -, Mass "Et in terra pax" - op 166: IV Sanctus -, Piano Trio no 2 in G major - op 128: II Intermezzo, Piano Trio no 2 in G major - op 128: II Intermezzo, Missa festiva - op 154: IV Sanctus, Missa festiva - op 154: IV Sanctus, Missa festiva - op 154: I Kyrie, Missa festiva - op 154: I Kyrie, Symphony no 2 - op 27 "Pastoral": I Pastorale: Moderato assai e poco rubato - Allegro giocoso, Symphony no 2 - op 27 "Pastoral": I Pastorale: Moderato assai e poco rubato - Allegro giocoso, Symphony no 1 - op 6: II Andante sostenuto assai, Symphony no 1 - op 6: II Andante sostenuto assai, Gloire A La Consubstantielle Trinite (Slava Edinorodnii), Gloire A La Consubstantielle Trinite (Slava Edinorodnii), Symphony no 5 in G minor - op 153: IV Finale: Allegro moderato, Symphony no 5 in G minor - op 153: IV Finale: Allegro moderato, Strastnaya Sed'mitsa 'Holy Week' - op 58: VI Nine sili nebesniya (Now the Powers of Heaven), Strastnaya Sed'mitsa 'Holy Week' - op 58: VI Nine sili nebesniya (Now the Powers of Heaven), Our Father, Our Father, The Lane - Five Children's Songs - op 89: 4 The Cat, The Lane - Five Children's Songs - op 89: 4 The Cat, The Liturgy of St John Chrysostom no 2 - op 29: The Cherubic Hymn, The Liturgy of St John Chrysostom no 2 - op 29: The Cherubic Hymn, Symphony no 2 - op 27 "Pastoral": III Scherzo: Vivo assai, Symphony no 2 - op 27 "Pastoral": III Scherzo: Vivo assai, Symphony no 3 - op 100: III Andante, Symphony no 3 - op 100: III Andante, Symphony no 3 - op 100: IV Finale: Allegro vivace, Symphony no 3 - op 100: IV Finale: Allegro vivace, Missa Sancti Spiritus - op 169: II Gloria, Missa Sancti Spiritus - op 169: II Gloria, Missa festiva - op 154: V Benedictus, Missa festiva - op 154: V Benedictus, Cello Concerto - op 8: III Allegro giocoso, Cello Concerto - op 8: III Allegro giocoso, Symphony no 2 - op 27 "Pastoral": II Andante, Symphony no 2 - op 27 "Pastoral": II Andante, Missa Sancti Spiritus - op 169: V Benedictus, Missa Sancti Spiritus - op 169: V Benedictus, Credo (Vieroiou), Credo (Vieroiou), Mass "Et in terra pax" - op 166: I Kyrie -, Mass "Et in terra pax" - op 166: I Kyrie -, Symphony no 1 - op 6: III Molto vivace, Symphony no 1 - op 6: III Molto vivace, Symphony no 4 - op 102: III Andante, Symphony no 4 - op 102: III Andante, Symphony no 5 in G minor - op 153: III Scherzo: Allegro, Symphony no 5 in G minor - op 153: III Scherzo: Allegro, Cantata - op 65 "Kvalite Boga": III Praise the Lord, Cantata - op 65 "Kvalite Boga": III Praise the Lord, Vsenoshchnoye bdeniye 'All-Night Vigil' - op 59: IX Slava v vishnih Bogu, Vsenoshchnoye bdeniye 'All-Night Vigil' - op 59: IX Slava v vishnih Bogu, Snowflakes - op 47: IX The Snowdrop, Snowflakes - op 47: IX The Snowdrop, Snowflakes - op 47: V Tom Thumb, Snowflakes - op 47: V Tom Thumb, Piano Trio no 2 in G major - op 128: III Finale, Piano Trio no 2 in G major - op 128: III Finale, Missa festiva - op 154: III Credo, Missa festiva - op 154: III Credo, Missa festiva - op 154: VI Agnus dei, Missa festiva - op 154: VI Agnus dei, Cello Sonata in E minor - op 113: II Menuetto tragico, Cello Sonata in E minor - op 113: II Menuetto tragico, Piano Trio no 2 in G major - op 128: I Allegro, Piano Trio no 2 in G major - op 128: I Allegro, Symfonie nr 4, Symfonie nr 4, The Lane - Five Children's Songs - op 89: 2 The first Snow, The Lane - Five Children's Songs - op 89: 2 The first Snow
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Alexander gretchaninov plainte op 3 no 1 audio sheet music


Alexander Tikhonovich Gretchaninov (Russian: Алекса́ндр Ти́хонович Гречани́нов; [ɐlʲɪˈksandr ɡrʲɪtɕɐˈnʲinəf]; 25 October [O.S. 13 October] 1864, Kaluga – 3 January 1956, New York City) was a Russian Romantic composer.

Contents

Nina koshetz berceuse snowdrops composer alexander gretchaninov april 15 1929


His life

Gretchaninov started his musical studies rather late, because his father, a businessman, had expected the boy to take over the family firm. Gretchaninov himself related that he did not see a piano until he was 14 and began his studies at the Moscow Conservatory in 1881 against his father's wishes and without his knowledge. His main teachers there were Sergei Taneyev and Anton Arensky. In the late 1880s, after a quarrel with Arensky, he moved to St. Petersburg where he studied composition and orchestration with Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov until 1893. Rimsky-Korsakov immediately recognized Gretchaninov's extraordinary musical imagination and talent and gave him much extra time as well as considerable financial help. This allowed the young man, whose parents were not supporting him, to survive. Out of this came an important friendship, which only ended in 1908 with Rimsky's death. As such, it is not surprising that Rimsky's influence can be heard in Gretchaninov’s early works, such as his String Quartet No.1, a prize-winning composition.

Around 1896, Gretchaninov returned to Moscow and was involved with writing for the theatre, the opera and the Russian Orthodox Church. His works, especially those for voice, achieved considerable success within Russia, while his instrumental works enjoyed even wider acclaim. By 1910, he was considered a composer of such distinction that the Tsar awarded him an annual pension.

Though Gretchaninov remained in Russia for several years after the Revolution, he ultimately chose to emigrate, first to France in 1925, and then, at the age of 75, to the United States in 1939. He remained in the U.S. the rest of his life and eventually became an American citizen. He died in New York at the age of 91 and is buried outside the church at Rova Farms, a Russian enclave in Jackson Township, Ocean County, New Jersey.

His music

Gretchaninov wrote five symphonies, the first premiered by Rimsky-Korsakov; four string quartets, the first two of which won important prizes, two piano trios, sonatas for violin, cello, clarinet, piano and balalaika, several operas, song cycle Les Fleurs du Mal, op. 48 (setting lyrics by Baudelaire) and much other music.

Like Vladimir Rebikov's, his position in the history of Russian music was mainly transitional, his earlier music belonging firmly in that earlier Romantic tradition while his later work is influenced by some of the streams that also affected Igor Stravinsky and Sergei Prokofiev.

Sketches for an unfinished sixth symphony from the 1940s exist.

He also composed a number of small scale piano pieces.

Most of Gretchaninov's manuscripts reside in the Music Division of New York Public Library for the Performing Arts.

Orchestral

  • Concert Overture in D minor (1892)
  • Elegy in Memory of Tchaikovsky (1893)
  • Symphony No. 1 in B minor, Op. 6 (1894)
  • Cello Concerto, Op. 8 (1895)
  • Incidental Music to the play Tsar Feodor of Tolstoy (1898)
  • Incidental Music to the play The Death of Ivan the Terrible of Tolstoy (1899)
  • Incidental Music to the play Dreams of Danchenko (1899)
  • Funeral March (1905)
  • Symphony No. 2 in A major, Op. 27 (1908)
  • In modo antico, Op. 81, for violin & orchestra (1918)
  • Symphony No. 3, Op. 100 (1923)
  • Symphony No. 4, Op. 102 (1927)
  • Violin Concerto, Op. 132 (1932)
  • Rhapsody on Russian Themes, Op. 147 (1940)
  • Symphony No. 5, Op. 153 (1936)
  • Concerto for flute, harp and strings, Op. 159 (1938)
  • Poème élégiaque, Op. 175 (1944 or 1945)
  • A Grand Festival Overture, Op. 178 (1946)
  • Poème lyrique, Op. 185 (1947–48)
  • Opera

  • Dobrynya Nikitich, Op. 22 (1895-1901) after the story of the bogatyr Dobrynya Nikitich.
  • Soeur Béatrice, Op. 50 (1908–10)
  • The Dream of the Christmas Tree Kinderoper, Op. 55 (1911)
  • Der Kater, der Hahn und der Fuchs, Kinderoper, Op. 103 (1924)
  • The Wedding, Op. 180 (1946)
  • Secular Songs & Choral Music

  • Snezhiniki (Snowflakes) - Ten Songs from Childhood, Op. 47
  • Lieder (a cycle "Les Fleurs du mal", Op. 48)
  • The Bee: 6 Children's Songs, Op.66 (1914)
  • Under the Waxing Moon, 4 Songs from a Child's World after Poetry by Rabindranath Tagore, Op. 95
  • Sonetti romani, Op. 160, for voice and piano (Russian text)
  • Piazza di Spagna, Op. 160, No. 1
  • Fontana della Tartaruga, Op. 160, No. 2
  • Triton, Op. 160, No. 3
  • Il tramontare del sole al Pincio, Op. 160, No. 4
  • Fontana di Trevi, Op. 160, No. 5
  • Vers la victoire (Toward Victory) (1943)
  • Liturgical Vocal/Choral

  • Liturgie Johannes Chrysostomos No. 1, Op. 13 (1897)
  • Liturgy of Christmas Eve, Op. 19, for double mixed choir (1898)
  • Liturgie Johannes Chrysostomos No. 2, Op.29 (1902)
  • Strastnaya Sedmitsa (Страстна́я седми́ца) Passion Week, Op. 58 (1911)
  • All-Night Vigil, Op. 59 (1912)
  • Kvalite Boga, Op. 65 (1915)
  • Liturgia Domestica (Liturgie Johannes Chrysostomos No. 3), Op. 79 (1917)
  • Missa Oecumenica, Op. 142 (1936)
  • Missa Festiva, Op. 154 (1937)
  • Missa Sancti Spiritus, Op. 169 (1940)
  • Et in Terra Pax, mass, Op. 166 (1942)
  • Liturgie Johannes Chrysostomos No. 4, Op. 177 (1943)
  • Chamber Music

  • String Quartet No. 1 in G major, Op. 2 (1894)
  • 2 Pieces for Violin and Piano, Op. 14 (1897)
  • Piano Trio No. 1 in C minor, Op. 38 (1906)
  • String Quartet No. 2 in D minor, Op. 70 (1913)
  • String Quartet No. 3 in C minor, Op. 75 (1915)
  • Violin Sonata No.1 in D major, Op. 87 (1919)
  • Cello Sonata in C minor, Op. 113 (1927)
  • String Quartet No. 4 in F major, Op. 124 (1929)
  • Piano Trio No. 2 in G major, Op. 128 (1931)
  • Violin Sonata No. 2 in C minor, Op. 137 (1933)
  • Sonata for Clarinet or Viola & Piano (Clarinet Sonata No. 1), Op. 161 (1935–40)
  • Clarinet Sonata No. 2, Op. 172(a) (1943)
  • Piano Music

  • 2 Piano Sonatinas, Op.110 (1927)
  • Piano Sonata No. 1 in G minor, Op. 129 (1931)
  • Piano Sonata No. 2 in G major, Op. 174 (1944)
  • References

    Alexander Gretchaninov Wikipedia


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