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Alexander Granach

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Full Name  Jessaja Gronach
Name  Alexander Granach
Other names  Jessaja Granach
Role  Actor

Occupation  Actor
Years active  1920–1944
Children  Gad Granach
Alexander Granach httpslibcomorgfilesimageshistoryAlexanderjpg
Born  April 18, 1893 (1893-04-18) Werbowitz, Galicia, Austria-Hungary
Partner(s)  Lotte Lieven ( 1933-1945) his death
Died  March 14, 1945, New York City, New York, United States
Spouse  Martha Guttmann (m. 1914–1921)
Movies  Nosferatu, Ninotchka, Warning Shadows, Hangmen Also Die!, For Whom the Bell Tolls
Similar People  Henrik Galeen, Fritz Arno Wagner, F W Murnau, Arthur Robison, Richard Oswald

Resting place  Montefiore Cemetery

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Alexander Granach (April 18, 1893 – March 14, 1945) was a popular German actor in the 1920s and 1930s who immigrated to the United States in 1938.


Alexander Granach Alexander Granach UCLA Film amp Television Archive

Alexander granach

Life and career

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Granach was born Jessaja Gronach in Werbowitz (Wierzbowce/Werbiwci) (Horodenka district, Austrian Galicia then, now Verbivtsi, Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast, Ukraine), to Jewish parents and rose to theatrical prominence at the Volksbühne in Berlin. Granach entered films in 1922; among the most widely exhibited of his silent efforts was the vampire classic Nosferatu (1922), in which the actor was cast as Knock, the lunatic counterpart to Renfield, effectively a substitute name for Dracula. He co-starred in such major early German talkies as Kameradschaft (1931).

Alexander Granach arts in exile Personen Alexander Granach

The Jewish Granach fled to the Soviet Union when Hitler came to power. When the Soviet Union also proved inhospitable, he settled in Hollywood, where he made his first American film appearance as Kopalski in Ernst Lubitsch's Ninotchka (1939) for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Granach proved indispensable to film makers during the war years, effectively portraying both dedicated Nazis (he was Julius Streicher in The Hitler Gang, 1944) and loyal anti-fascists. Perhaps his best role was as Gestapo Inspector Alois Gruber in Fritz Lang's Hangmen Also Die! (1943). His last film appearance was in MGM's The Seventh Cross (1944), in which almost the entire supporting cast was prominent European refugees.

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Granach died on March 14, 1945 in New York from a pulmonary embolism following an appendectomy. He was buried in Montefiore Cemetery in Springfield Gardens, Queens. Alexander Granach's autobiography, There Goes an Actor (1945) was republished in 2010 under the new title, From the Shtetl to the Stage: The Odyssey of a Wandering Actor (Transaction Publishers). His son, Gad Granach, lived in Jerusalem and wrote his own memoirs with many references to his father.


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  • Alexander Granach: There Goes an Actor, Doubleday, Dorian and Co, Inc., Garden City 1945, ASIN B0007DSBEM
  • Alexander Granach: Da geht ein Mensch, Ölbaum-Verlag, Augsburg 2003, (Neuauflage) ISBN 3-927217-38-7
  • Alexander Granach: From the Shtetl to the Stage: The Odyssey of a Wandering Actor. Transaction Publishers, 2010, ISBN 978-1-4128-1347-1
  • Albert Klein and Raya Kruk: Alexander Granach: fast verwehte Spuren, Edition Hentrich, Berlin 1994, ISBN 3-89468-108-X
  • Alexander Granach: Mémoires d'un gardien de bordel, Anatolia, Paris 2009, ISBN 978-2-35406-040-4
  • Gad Granach: Heimat los!, Ölbaum-Verlag, Augsburg 1997, ISBN 3-927217-31-X
  • Gad Granach: Where Is Home? Stories from the Life of a German-Jewish Émigré, Atara Press, Los Angeles 2009, ISBN 978-0-9822251-1-0

  • Alexander Granach Alexander Granach 1893 1945 Find A Grave Memorial
    Alexander Granach Alexander Granach SAPO Mag


    Alexander Granach Wikipedia