Sneha Girap

Aleksei Chichibabin

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Name  Aleksei Chichibabin

Role  Chemist
Aleksei Chichibabin uploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommons117AChi
Born  March 17, 1871 Kuzemino, Russia (1871-03-17)
Alma mater  University of Moscow , University of Saint Petersburg
Died  August 15, 1945, Paris, France
Education  Saint Petersburg State University, Moscow State University

Alekséy Yevgényevich Chichibábin (Russian: Алексей Евгеньевич Чичибабин) was a Soviet/Russian organic chemist, born 29 March [O.S. 17 March] 1871, Kuzemin village, current Sumy Oblast, Ukraine, died in Paris, France, 15 August 1945. His name is also written Alexei Yevgenievich Chichibabin and Alexei Euguenievich Tchitchibabine.

Contents

Life

Chichibábin was born at Kusemino on March 17, 1871. He studied at the University of Moscow from 1888 until 1892, and received his PhD from the University of Saint Petersburg. He became a professor at the Imperial College of Technology in Moscow in 1909, and remained there until 1929. After losing his daughter Natacha, a chemist, to an industrial oleum accident (explosion) that he deemed preventable, Chichibábin moved to Paris where he remained despite threat of and eventual stripping of his Soviet citizenship and his position in the Academy of Sciences (1936, Academy standing restored posthumously, 1990). In 1931 he began working at the Collège de France, remaining until his death in 1945, but also serving over parts of the same period as the director of research at French dye and fine chemical manufacturer Établissement Kuhlmann, and as an advisor to the Schering and Roosevelt Co. of New York.

Chichibábin and his wife, Vera Vladmirovna Tchitchibabine, had one child, a daughter who became a chemist. Chichibábin died in 1945 and was buried at the Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois Russian Cemetery near Paris.

Scientific work

Chichibábin is associated with the development of several important organic chemical reactions. One is a novel terpyridine synthesis, the Chichibabin pyridine synthesis. The other reactions are the Bodroux-Chichibabin aldehyde synthesis and the Chichibabin reaction.

Chichibábin authored the two-volume Osnovnye nachala organicheskoy khimii (Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry), which first appeared in 1924, a principal university-level chemistry textbooks in the Soviet Union that went through 7 Russian editions and was translated into Czech, Slovak, Hungarian, French, Spanish, English, and Chinese. An edition of the book was dedicated to Chichibábin's daughter, Natacha, who was killed by an oleum explosion in a chemical production factory in 1930.

Chichibábin won the Lenin Prize in 1926.

References

Aleksei Chichibabin Wikipedia


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