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Albert Francois Lebrun

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Preceded by  Paul Doumer
Role  French Politician
Preceded by  Paul Doumer
Education  Ecole Polytechnique
Religion  Roman Catholicism
Succeeded by  Philippe Petain
Name  Albert Lebrun

Albert Francois Lebrun media2webbritannicacomebmedia8510285004A
Prime Minister  See list Andre Tardieu Edouard Herriot Joseph Paul-Boncour Edouard Daladier Albert Sarraut Camille Chautemps Edouard Daladier Gaston Doumergue Pierre-Etienne Flandin Fernand Bouisson Pierre Laval Albert Sarraut Leon Blum Camille Chautemps Leon Blum Edouard Daladier Paul Reynaud Philippe Petain
Political party  Democratic Republican Alliance
Died  March 6, 1950, Paris, France
Party  Democratic Republican Alliance
Similar People  Gaston Doumergue, Paul Doumer, Edouard Daladier, Paul Reynaud, Leon Blum

Albert François Lebrun ([albɛʁ ləbʁœ̃]; 29 August 1871 – 6 March 1950) was a French politician, President of France from 1932 to 1940. He was the last president of the Third Republic. He was a member of the center-right Democratic Republican Alliance (ARD).

Contents

Albert Francois Lebrun Albert Franois Lebrun 1871 1950 Genealogy

Early life

Albert Francois Lebrun Lebrun

Born to a farming family in Mercy-le-Haut, Meurthe-et-Moselle, he attended the École polytechnique and the École des mines, graduating from both at the top of his class. He then became a mining engineer in Vesoul and Nancy, but left that profession at the age of 29 to enter politics.

Politics

Albert François Lebrun Albert lebrun en Pinterest Homme politique de droite Caen france

Lebrun gained a seat in the Chamber of Deputies in 1900 as a member of the Left Republican Party, later serving on the cabinet as Minister for the Colonies from 1912–1914, Minister of War in 1913 and Minister for Liberated Regions, 1917–1919. Joining the Democratic Alliance, he was elected to the French senate from Meurthe-et-Moselle in 1920, and served as Vice President of the Senate from 1925 through 1929. He was president of that body from 1931–1932.

Albert François Lebrun Albert lebrun su Pinterest Divisione lunga Homme politique de

Lebrun was elected president of France following the assassination of president Paul Doumer by Pavel Gurgulov on 6 May 1932. Re-elected in 1939, largely because of his record of accommodating all political sides, he exercised little power as president. On 10 July 1940, Lebrun enacted/promulgated the Constitutional Law of 10 July 1940 (see the Vichy 80) allowing Prime Minister Philippe Pétain to promulgate a new constitution. On 11 July, Lebrun was replaced by Pétain (although Lebrun never officially resigned) as head of state. He then fled to Vizille (Isère) on 15 July, but was captured on 27 August 1943 when the Germans moved into the region and was sent into captivity at the Itter Castle in Tyrol. On 10 October 1943 he was allowed to return to Vizille due to poor health, but was kept under constant surveillance.

Albert François Lebrun FileAlbert Francois Lebrun circa 19131914jpg Wikimedia Commons

On 9 August 1944, when the Allies restored the French government, Lebrun met with Charles de Gaulle and acknowledged the General's leadership, saying that he had not formally resigned as president because the dissolution of the National Assembly had left nobody to accept his resignation.

Personal life

Lebrun was married to Marguerite Lebrun. Together they had two children: A son Jean and a daughter Marie.

Later life

After the war, Lebrun lived in retirement. He died of pneumonia in Paris on 6 March 1950 after a protracted illness.

References

Albert François Lebrun Wikipedia


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