Akhil Gogoi was born on 1 March 1976 in Lukhurakhon village of Selenghat, Jorhat, Assam. He attended the Cotton College, Guwahati during 1993–1996, where he studied English literature. He served as the general secretary and magazine secretary of the college students union. Soon he joined the United Revolutionary Movement Council of Assam(URMCA), a mass organisation of CPI-ML-PCC under the leadership of the legendarynaxalite leader Santosh Rana. However, by the end of the 1990s he broke with Rana and devoted himself as an editor of Natun Padatik, an independent Marxist journal published in Assamese, along with Dr Hiren Gohain. Gogoi lives in Guwahati of Assam along with his wife and son.
Since mid-2009, Gogoi has been leading a statewide movement against construction of big dams in the ecologically sensitive regions of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. In particular, his organisation KMSS demands immediate halt to the ongoing construction of the dam of Lower Subansiri, a mega hydroelectric power project under NHPC with an estimated capacity of 2000 MW.
For some time, he was also associated with Anna Hazare led anti-graft campaign India against Corruption. However, he broke with IAC after some of the IAC members decided to form a political party. Explaining his reasons to resign from IAC,Gogoi said that the support IAC had received was only for building up a strong and sustained mass movement against rampant corruption, and not floating an election centred political party.
In April 2010, a secret report of the Assam government alleged that Akhil Gogoi had close connections with CPI-Maoist. Gogoi challenged the report and dared the Assam government to prove the allegation. Intellectuals across the country including Magsaysay Award Winner Sandeep Pandey and Medha Patkar condemned the government for trying to implicate the activist. In an interview with NDTV, Akhil Gogoi said, "I am a Marxist and I do believe in social transformation. But I am not a Maoist. They don't believe in mass activities. We at KMSS are trying to organise the masses for radical change.But the attempt of the government to implicate me as a Maoists shows their frustration because they have been unable to contain the growing popularity of KMSS". It created an embarrassment for the Assam government and the matter was dropped thereafter.
In 2013, Mr Gogoi and his comrades in KMSS established a number of provisional retail outlets in different parts of Guwahati city to facilitate direct access of rural peasantry with urban markets. Claiming it as an alternative to FDI in Retail as well as mafia-run-syndicates, Gogoi and his organisation expressed their plans to open more outlets in the city on a permanent basis. These outlets will be run by the peasants themselves and will sell agrarian products on a drastically lower price, removing the middleman in between. On the very first day of the opening of the outlets, more than hundred quintals of vegetables were reported to be sold within a few hours.
In 2014 AKHIL GOGOI initiated a campaign against the land Mafia like Ram Prithni and M Bhrakia who had appropriated thousand of acres of agricultural land in rural Kamrup district, adjoining Guwahati city. Govt is presently investigating the matter based on the allegations of Akhil Gogoi.
In 2015, Akhil Gogoi and KMSS formed a new political organisation Gana Mukti Sangram Asom, during the bi-annual conference of KMSS.
In 2017, during the 5th bi-annual Conference of Krishak Mukti Sangram Samiti, Akhil Gogoi announced that the party would contest in the next elections.