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Ailwyn Fellowes, 1st Baron Ailwyn

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Monarch  Queen Victoria
Name  Ailwyn 1st
Preceded by  Hon. Charles Spencer
Role  Farmer
Monarch  Edward VII
Spouse  Agatha Jolliffe (m. 1886)
Prime Minister  Arthur Balfour

Ailwyn Fellowes, 1st Baron Ailwyn
Prime Minister  The Marquess of Salisbury
Succeeded by  Sir Alexander Fuller-Acland-Hood, Bt
Died  September 23, 1924, Honingham, United Kingdom
Children  Eric Fellowes, 3rd Baron Ailwyn
Parents  Mary Julia Milles, Edward Fellowes, 1st Baron de Ramsey
Siblings  William Fellowes, 2nd Baron de Ramsey
Education  Trinity Hall, Cambridge, Eton College, Trinity College, Cambridge

Ailwyn Edward Fellowes, 1st Baron Ailwyn (10 November 1855 – 23 September 1924), was a British businessman, farmer and Conservative politician. He was a member of Arthur Balfour's cabinet as President of the Board of Agriculture between March and December 1905.


Background and education

Fellowes was born at Haverland Hall, Norfolk, the younger son of Edward Fellowes (later Baron de Ramsey) and the Hon. Mary Julia, daughter of George Milles, 4th Baron Sondes. William Fellowes, 2nd Baron de Ramsey, was his elder brother. He was educated at Eton and Trinity Hall, Cambridge. He trained as a barrister, but never qualified, turning instead to agriculture and politics. He inherited Honingham Hall in Norfolk from his aunt in 1887 and devoted muchy of his time to running and improving it.

Political career

Fellowes unsuccessfully contested Mid Norfolk in 1885 and North Norfolk in 1886 but won Ramsey in 1887 in a by-election following his brother's succession to the peerage. He held office under Lord Salisbury as Vice-Chamberlain of the Household between 1895 and 1900 and under Salisbury and Arthur Balfour as a Lord of the Treasury between 1900 and 1905. In March 1905 he was sworn of the Privy Council and appointed President of the Board of Agriculture by Balfour, with a seat in the cabinet, a post he held until the government fell in December 1905.

Between 1917 and 1919 Fellowes was Chairman of the Agricultural Wages Board and Deputy Director of Food Production. Apart from his involvement in national politics he was chairman of Norfolk County Council from 1920, having been an alderman for many years. Fellowes was made a deputy lieutennat of Norfolk in 1909. He was appointed a Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO) in 1911, after serving as Deputy President of the Royal Agricultural Show to The King (George V), and a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1917. In the 1921 Birthday Honours he was raised to the peerage as Baron Ailwyn, of Honingham in the County of Norfolk.

Business career

Fellowes was also director of the London and North Eastern Railway, Norwich Union and the National Provident Association and Deputy Chairman of the Great Eastern Railway.


Lord Ailwyn married the Honourable Agatha Eleanor Augusta, daughter of Hedworth Jolliffe, 2nd Baron Hylton, at St Paul's Church, Knightsbridge, London, on 9 February 1886. They had four sons:

  • Ronald Townshend Fellowes, 2nd Baron Ailwyn (7 December 1886 – 30 August 1936)
  • Eric William Edward Fellowes, 3rd Baron Ailwyn (24 November 1887 – 23 March 1976)
  • Capt. Hon. Hedworth George Ailwyn Fellowes (10 July 1891 – 12 May 1917), killed in the First World War.
  • Carol Arthur Fellowes, 4th Baron Ailwyn (23 November 1896 – 27 September 1988)
  • Lord Ailwyn died at Honingham Hall in September 1924, aged 68, and was buried in the grounds of the local church. Lady Ailwyn died in July 1938.


    Ailwyn Fellowes, 1st Baron Ailwyn Wikipedia

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