|Area 667,799 km2 |
Map of Agadez Region
Agadez is an administrative Region in Niger. At 667,799 square kilometres (257,839 sq mi), Agadez is the largest subdivision of an African state. The capital of the department is Agadez.
Description and people
The Agadez Region represents 52% of the total area of Niger, the largest of its seven regions. Despite its size, Agadez is sparsely populated. Its 487,620 inhabitants account for only 2.8% of the total population of Niger with a population density of 0.73 inhabitants per square kilometre (1.9/sq mi). The region includes the vast Ténéré portion of the Sahara Desert, dune seas like the Erg of Bilma, and the mountains of the Aïr. Much of its population comprises nomadic or semi-nomadic peoples including the Tuareg, Toubou, Wadoobe Fula. There are populations of settled Kanuri (in the east), Hausa, and Songhay in the towns and oasies.
Traversed for centuries by the Trans Saharan trade, the oasis towns of the Aïr and the eastern Kaouar Cliffs are known for their gardens, salt manufacture, and date cultivation. In the late 1990s, tourism became a large industry here, and the uranium town of Arlit provides some 20% of the foreign exchange for the country. Tuareg insurgencies against the Niger government in the 1990s and mid 2000s and drought in the 1970s, 80s, and 2002 have led to humanitarian crises and damaged the region's economy.
Agadez is divided into three Departments and one Commune.
Agadez has the following foreign borders, including Niger's only borders with Libya and Algeria:
Domestically, it borders the following departments: