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Adolphus Druiding

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Nationality  USA
Name  Adolphus Druiding
Role  Architect

Adolphus Druiding
Born  1839Hanover, Germany
Known for  = Adolphus Druiding, Architect
Died  1900, Chicago, Illinois, United States
Structures  St John Cantius Church, St Mary's Catholic Church, St Michael the Archange, St Henry's Catholic Church, St John the Baptist Catholic

Adolphus Druiding (1838–1900) was a German-born American architect who was best known for his work in creating Roman Catholic churches, schools, rectories and convents. Druiding’s work along with that of fellow German immigrant Franz Georg Himpler (1833–1916) makes up the largest body of German Catholic architecture in the United States between the end of the Civil War and 1900.


Adolphus Druiding Catholic Architecture and History of Toledo Ohio Adolphus Druiding

Early life and career

Druiding was born May 29, 1838, in Aschendorf, a province of Hanover, Germany. He studied at the Secondary School in Papenburg and at the Polytechnic School in Munich where he graduated with honors. He worked briefly at a French architect’s office and then entered government service in Munich. After this he studied in Berlin under Strach, Adler and Local. He built one church in Schoenwalde and was employed erecting government stations in the Netherlands.

Architectural practice

In 1865 after completing his work in the Netherlands, Druiding came to the United States where he enjoyed an extensive practice in the design of Roman Catholic Churches throughout the Midwest.

Druiding was noted as an aggressive businessman who was prepared to assume projects large and small. This was quite unlike his countryman and fellow architect Franz Georg Himpler who designed far fewer buildings than Druiding, but more of Himpler's buildings survive to the present day.


Druiding was one of perhaps 20 American architects who contributed most of the Roman Catholic ecclesiastical architecture throughout the later part of the 19th century. His church buildings are much admired locally, have been featured in books on church architecture and have found their way to some of the National Registers.


  • Cathedral of St. Paul, Birmingham, Alabama
  • Arkansas

  • Immaculate Conception Church, Fort Smith, Arkansas
  • District of Columbia

  • St. Anthony of Padua Church, Washington, DC
  • Iowa

  • Blessed Sacrament Church, Sioux City, IA
  • New York

  • St. Michael Church, Rochester, NY
  • Queen of the Most Holy Rosary Church, Bridgehampton, NY
  • Church of the Guardian Angel, Brooklyn, NY
  • Our Lady of Sorrows Church, Buffalo, NY (now King Urban Life Center)
  • Ohio

  • Immaculate Conception, Ottoville
  • Sacred Heart of Jesus Church, Camp Washington, Cincinnati
  • St. Charles Borromeo Church, Carthage, Cincinnati
  • St. Aloysius-on-the-Ohio Church, Cincinnati
  • St. Michael Church, Cleveland
  • St. Henry Church, Harriettsville
  • St. John the Baptist Catholic Church, Maria Stein
  • St. Joseph Church, Plymouth
  • St. Lawrence Church, Cincinnati
  • Our Lady of Perpetual Help Church, Cincinnati
  • Mt. St. Joseph Sisters of Charity Convent and Mother House, Cincinnati
  • Franciscan Sisters of the Poor – St. Clare Convent & Chapel near Hartwell/ Cincinnati – Springfield Township
  • St. Patrick Church, Toledo
  • Illinois

  • St. Hyacinth Church Chicago, IL (first church constructed in 1895 and replaced by much larger church by Worthmann and Steinbach)
  • St. George Church, Chicago, IL
  • St. John Cantius Church, Chicago, IL
  • St. Hedwig Church, Chicago, IL
  • Indiana

  • St. Benedict Church, Terre Haute, Indiana (destroyed by fire 1930, partially rebuilt)
  • Kentucky

  • St. Peter Church, Lexington, KY
  • St. Stephen Church, Newport, KY
  • Missouri

  • St. Agatha Church, St. Louis, MO
  • Shrine of St. Joseph, St. Louis, MO
  • St. John Nepomuk Church, St. Louis, MO
  • St. Alphonsus Liguori Church, St. Louis, MO
  • St. Peter's Church, Jefferson City, MO
  • New Jersey

  • St. Joseph Chapel, Seton Hall University, South Orange, NJ
  • Pennsylvania

  • St. Peter and Paul Church, Pittsburgh, PA
  • St. Joseph Church, Oil City, PA
  • St. Patrick Church, Philadelphia, PA
  • South Dakota

  • St. Paul Church, Marty, SD
  • Wisconsin

  • St. Joseph's Church, Waukesha, Wisconsin
  • St. Mary Oratory. Wausau, WI
  • St. Mary Church, Oshkosh, WI
  • St. Mary's Church, Kaukauna, WI
  • References

    Adolphus Druiding Wikipedia

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