Siddhesh Joshi

Adam Tarnowski (senior)

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Preceded by  Konstantin Dumba
Succeeded by  None

Name  Adam Tarnowski
Role  Senior
Adam Tarnowski (senior)
Preceded by  Karl Freiherr von Giskra
Succeeded by  Ludwig Graf Szechenyi von Sarvar und Felsovidek
Born  4 March 1866 Krakow, Austria-Hungary (now Poland) (1866-03-04)
Spouse(s)  Marie, nee Prinzessin Swiatopelk-Czetwertynska (1880–1965)
Died  October 10, 1946, Lausanne, Switzerland

Adam (Amor) Tarnowski (4 March 1866 – 10 October 1946), was an Austro-Hungarian diplomat of Polish origin during World War I.

Life

Born in Kraków on 4 March 1866 into an old family of the Polish aristocracy. On 10 September 1901, he married Princess Marie Światopełk-Czetwertyńska (1880–1965) in Warsaw.

Count Tarnowski entered the Austro-Hungarian foreign service in 1897. He was appointed to the Austro-Hungarian Embassy in Washington D.C. in 1899 and remained there until 1901, when he was transferred to Paris. In 1907, he was promoted to Counselor and dispatched to Madrid. In 1909, he was transferred to London.

On 30 April 1911, he was appointed Minister of the Dual Monarchy at Sofia. During the war, he was said to have exerted a major influence on King Ferdinand I and to have played a prominent role in securing Bulgaria's entry into the war on the side of the Central Powers in October 1915.

In late 1915, Dr. Dumba who served as the Austro-Hungarian Ambassador at Washington D.C. was declared persona non grata and expelled from the country. On 9 November 1916, the Austro-Hungarian government decided to appoint Count Tarnowski as his replacement. This was considered a well-suited appointment as he had a reputation of being one of the most accomplished and talented diplomats in the Dual Monarchy's service.

Count Tarnowski only arrived to the United States on 31 January 1917 as Britain first refused to grant him safe conduct to travel through the Entente naval blockade. Furthermore, he arrived on the same day as the German note on the resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare was delivered and President Wilson therefore refused to receive him. Following the U.S. declaration of war with Germany on 8 April, Austria-Hungaria decided to break off diplomatic relations which meant that he was never allowed to present his credentials. He sailed from the United States on 4 May together with other diplomatic staff. It should be noted, however, that war was not formally declared between the United States and Austria-Hungary until December 1917.

In 1917, Count Tarnowski was considered for nomination as Minister at Stockholm, but as events in his native Poland unfolded he never took up the position. In September 1917, he declined to be a member of the Regency Council of the newly founded Kingdom of Poland, but was later proposed to become the first Prime Minister. However, his nomination was vetoed by Germany due to his alleged pro-Austrian sympathies.

After the war, he retired from public service. His son Adam (1892–1956) was also a diplomat and served briefly as Foreign Minister in the Polish exile government in London after World War II.

Count Tarnowski died in Lausanne on 10 October 1946.

References

Adam Tarnowski (senior) Wikipedia


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