Supriya Ghosh (Editor)

Acetone azine

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Related compounds
Hydrazine Acetone

Pale-yellow liquid

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Acetone azine is the simplest ketazine. It is an intermediate in some hydrazine manufacturing processes.



Acetone azine can be prepared from acetone and hydrazine:

2 (CH3)2CO + N2H4 → 2 H2O + [(CH3)2C=N]2

It can also be produced from acetone (2 eq.), ammonia (2 eq.) and hydrogen peroxide (1 eq.). The first step is the formation of acetone imine, Me2C=NH; this is then oxidized by hydrogen peroxide through a complex mechanism to give 3,3-dimethyloxaziridine, which reacts with a further molecule of ammonia to produce acetone hydrazone. The hydrazone then condenses with a further molecule of acetone to produce the azine. The acetone azine product is distilled out of the reaction mixture as its azeotrope with water (n(H2O)/n(azine) ≈ 6).


Acetone azine can be used to prepare acetone hydrazone and 2-diazopropane.

Hydrazine can be produced via acid-catalysed hydrolysis of acetone azine:

2 H2O + [(CH3)2C=N]2 → 2 (CH3)2CO + N2H4


Acetone azine Wikipedia