Harman Patil

Acanthastrea bowerbanki

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Kingdom  Animalia
Class  Anthozoa
Family  Lobophylliidae
Scientific name  Acanthastrea bowerbanki
Phylum  Cnidaria
Order  Scleractinia
Genus  Acanthastrea
Rank  Species
Acanthastrea bowerbanki wwwreef2reefcomproxyphpimagehttp3A2F2Fi42
Similar  Acanthastrea, Micromussa lordhowensis, Acanthastrea echinata, Scolymia, Anacropora

Acanthastrea bowerbanki fragging 101


Acanthastrea bowerbanki is a vulnerable species of coral found in the Pacific and Indian Oceans. It is threatened by crown-of-thorns starfish predation and habitat loss.

Contents

Acanthastrea bowerbanki Acanthastrea bowerbanki Corals of the World Photos maps and

Description

Acanthastrea bowerbanki Acanthastrea Bowerbanki

Acanthastrea bowerbanki is a small, encrusting coral. The corallites are cerioid and have irregular shapes, and there is usually an obvious central one. The colour is often mottled and is generally reddish-brown, brown or grey.

Distribution

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It is found in the waters of Australia, Cambodia, Fiji, Indonesia, Japan, Kiribati, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, New Caledonia, Norfolk Island, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Taiwan, Thailand, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Viet Nam and Wallis and Futuna.

Biology

Acanthastrea bowerbanki is a zooxanthellate species of coral. It obtains most of its nutritional needs from the symbiotic dinoflagellates that live inside its soft tissues. These photosynthetic organisms provide the coral with organic carbon and nitrogen, sometimes providing up to 90% of their host's energy needs for metabolism and growth. Its remaining needs are met by the planktonic organisms caught by the tentacles of the polyps.

Status

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This coral has a wide range but is rare throughout its range. It is particularly susceptible to attack by the crown of thorns starfish. The main threats faced by corals in general are related to climate change and the mechanical destruction of their coral reef habitats; increasing damage from extreme weather events, rising sea water temperatures and ocean acidification. The International Union for Conservation of Nature has assessed the conservation status of this species as being "vulnerable". All corals receive protection by being listed on CITES Appendix II.

References

Acanthastrea bowerbanki Wikipedia


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