Tripti Joshi

Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi

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Venerated in  Islam
Name  Abu Mubarak

Died  Baghdad, Iraq
Major shrine  Baghdad
Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi

Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi (Arabic: ابوسعیدمبارک مخزومی‎‎), known also as Mubarak bin Ali Makhzoomi and Abu Saeed and Abu Sa'd al-Mubarak (rarely known as Qazi Abu Sa'd al-Mubarak al-Mukharrimi) was a Sufi saint as well as a Muslim mystic and traditionalist. He was an Islamic theologian and a Hanbali jurist based in Baghdad, Iraq. Abu Saeed was his patronym.

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Biography

Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi was born in Hankar (the land of his Murshid) on 12th Raja 403 Hijri but spent most of his life in Makhzum, a small town in Baghdad. He established Baab-ul-Azj, the famous madrasa of Baghdad whom he later handed over to his disciple and khalifah, Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani. Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi was also appointed as the chief justice but he preferred to renounce the worldly life. Thereafter he led his life as a mystic and devoted his time to the dhikr of Allah. He died on 11th Rabī’ al-Thānī 513 Hijri and was buried in Baab-ul-Azj, Baghdad.

Sufi tradition

Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi is known as one of the greatest Imams of Fiqh in his era. He followed the Hanbali school of thought. He was the Murshid and most proficient spiritual guide of Shaikh Abdul Qadir jilani amongst teachers. He often said:

“I invested Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani with a robe khirqa and he invested me too with a robe. We attained blessings from each other.”

Spiritual lineage

The lineage of Faqr reaches Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi from Muhammad in the following order:

  1. Mohammad
  2. 'Alī bin Abī Ṭālib
  3. al-Ḥasan al-Baṣrī
  4. Habib al Ajami
  5. Dawud Tai
  6. Maruf Karkhi
  7. Sirri Saqti
  8. Junaid Baghdadi, founder of the Junaidia order
  9. Abu Bakr Shibli
  10. Abdul Aziz bin Hars bin Asad Yemeni Tamimi
  11. Abu Al Fazal Abdul Wahid Yemeni Tamimi
  12. Mohammad Yousaf Abu al-Farah Tartusi
  13. Abu-al-Hassan Ali Bin Mohammad Qureshi Hankari
  14. Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi

Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi conferred khilafat upon Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani who continued the order by renaming it as Qadri order.

Titles

1. QIBLA-E-SAALIKA (Destination of Wayfarers).

2. JAAMI ULOOM-E-MARIFAT (Collector of Gnosis of Allah).

References

Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi Wikipedia


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