Abhayanand did his schooling from St. Xavier's High School, Patna and St. Michael's High School, Patna. He majored in physics from Science College, and topped in his class. His wife Dr. Nutan Anand is an obstetrician and gynaecologist. They married in Gangapur, Samsastipur, Bihar which is his wife's native village.
Abhayanand was appointed as DGP Bihar on 25 August 2011. He took charge as the 48th DGP of the state on 31 August 2011. He served as the DGP of Bihar from 2011 to 2014. His father Late Jagdanand was the 28th DGP, Bihar during 1985–86.
Abhayanand is said to be the brain behind the speedy trial and convictions of criminals in Bihar. India. Bihar was infamous for notorious criminals. Abhayanand came up with the concept of speedy-trial to reign in the crime and criminal in Bihar. He wanted the police also to focus on conviction. Arms Act, he believes is a powerful tool, which the police can use to instill fear of law in the unabating lawbreakers in Bihar. Since witnesses in an Arms Act cases were mostly policemen, he thought, there wouldn't be the risk of not getting witnesses or witnesses turning hostile during trial. The state judiciary also responded in equal measure and once the witnesses started appearing timely, the court started concluding trial in lesser time. In few cases Arms Act trial were concluded in less than a week.There were a record number of convictions, including that of some of very powerful bahubalis (musclemen). This had a huge impact on the law and order condition in Bihar. The District Judiciary, in 2010 alone, convicted 14,311 persons in speedy trials out of which 37 persons were awarded capital punishment and 1,875, life imprisonment. As Abhayanand had envisioned, this instilled the fear of law in the lawbreakers. This initiative has drawn the attention of many across the world. Princeton Review has done a study on this.
To deal with shortage of manpower in the police, Abhayanand came up with the idea of recruiting retired army men. Given that the ex-army men were already trained in arms and combat, there was no ramp up time needed for them. They were ready to contribute from day one. The state government adopted this idea and in few days 5000 ex-army men were recruited by the Bihar state police force. This concept soon became a role model and other states such as Orissa, Madhya Pradesha and Jharkhand started recruiting ex-army men.
Abhayanand conceptualised the programme Super 30, a free tutorial to coach 30 bright youngsters from underprivileged families of rural Bihar for the IIT entrance test. He wanted to give an opportunity to talented children from poor families to compete with the more privileged ones for the IIT Joint Entrance Examination. Students for this program were selected through a competitive exam. The students who got selected then had to live at one place and prepare for the IIT-JEE under the academic mentor ship of Abhayanad. He started this endeavour in 2003 when 18 children qualified for entrance test and then consequently 22 in 2004, 26 in 2005, 28 in 2006, 30 in 2007 and 30 again in 2008.
From 2003 to 2008 Abhayanand used to coach the students along with Anand Kumar. However he split from Anand Kumar in 2007 and then wanted to take his social experiment to a wider forum so that more under-privileged but talented children can benefit out of it. He joined a program called Rahmani 30 headed by Maulana Wali Rahmani where under privileged Muslim students were selected and then coached for the JEE. In the inaugural year of Rahmani 30, 2009 all of the 10 students part of this program had cleared JEE. In 2010, 4 students out of 12 cracked entrance test. 3 out of 15 Rahmani30 students cleared the exam in 2011.
As quoted be Abhayanand "the number in the name does not signify the number of students who were part of the group".
Abhayanand also provides academic mentor ship to various such programs run by CSRL. These programs include Oil India Super 30 Assam (Guwahati/Jorhat/Dibrugarh), National Super 100 Delhi, GAIL Utkarsh Super 100 Kanpur. These programs are sponsored by various Indian PSUs (Public Sector Undertakings) such as GAIL, Powergrid, Oil India Limited. In 2011, 12 out of 20 students cracked the entrance test, 8 out of 20 qualified from Kanpur and 1 out of 3 passed the examination from Guwahati.
Abhayanand also wanted the society to realise its potential by helping the under-privileged children to compete for one of the toughest examination of India. He provides academic mentor ship to students of Magadh Super30, a program sun by the people of Gaya on similar lines as Super30. Magadh Super 30 was started in 2008. In 2011 2 out of 15 students cracked the IIT entrance test. Another such program Triveni Super 30 is run by Triveni Shubhakaran Trust, Calcutta in Patna which is also mentored by Abhayanand. 8 out of 15 students from Triveni Super 30 passed the IIT entrance test in 2011.
Noticeably, He selects students on the basis of written exam followed by factual interview.till now, each year number of selected students have been less than 30, because of a student have to face a Rigorous interview.