Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)


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Status  Complete
Province  Community of Madrid
Type  Office
AZCA httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Location  Madrid, Comunidad de Madrid,  Spain
Construction started  Torre Windsor: 1975 (†) Torre del Banco de Bilbao: 1978 Torre Picasso: 1982 Torre Europa: 1985 Torre Mahou: 1987 Torre Titania: 2007
Completed  Torre Windsor: 1979 (†) Torre del Banco de Bilbao: 1981 Torre Picasso: 1988 Torre Europa: 1985 Torre Mahou: 1990 Torre Titania: 2013
Roof  Torre Picasso: 157 m (515 ft) Torre Europa:121 m (397 ft) Torre del Banco Bilbao: 107 m (351 ft) Torre Windsor:106 m (348 ft) (†) Torre Titania: 104 m (341 ft) Torre Mahou:85 m (279 ft)
Architects  Francisco Javier Sáenz de Oiza, Minoru Yamasaki
Similar  Torre Picasso, Nuevos Ministerios, Torre Europa, Gate of Europe, Cuzco

AZCA, an acronym for Asociación Mixta de Compensación de la Manzana A de la Zona Comercial de la Avenida del Generalísimo ("Mixed Association for Compensation of the A Block of the Commercial Area of the Avenue of the Generalisimo", now called the Avenue of Paseo de la Castellana), is a financial district in downtown Madrid, Spain.


Map of AZCA, 28046 Madrid, Spain


It is located between the streets Raimundo Fernández Villaverde, Orense, General Perón and Paseo de la Castellana. Its original conception (and its name) dates back to the Plan General de Ordenación Urbana de Madrid (PGOU), approved in 1946. The purpose of this plan was to create a huge block of modern office buildings with metro and railway connections in the expansion area of northern Madrid, just in front of Real Madrid stadium (currently named the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium) and beside the brand new government complex of Nuevos Ministerios. A botanical garden, a library and an opera house were also included in the plans, but these were never built.

The construction began in the 1970s after many delays. Nowadays some of the tallest and most beautiful modern Madrid skyscrapers are placed here. The most important are:

  • Torre Picasso (157 m)
  • Torre Europa (121 m)
  • Banco de Bilbao Tower (107 m)
  • Torre Titania (104 m)
  • Torre Mahou (100 m)
  • In February 2005, Windsor Tower (106 m) was destroyed by a fire, and it was later replaced by Torre Titania.

    During the weekend nights, the underground levels attract a Latino audience to the discos but they also have a reputation for gang violence.

    In 2007, a new skycraper area was built farther north along Paseo de la Castellana.


    AZCA Wikipedia